Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Romans 1:4

Context
NET ©

who was appointed the Son-of-God-in-power 1  according to the Holy Spirit 2  by the resurrection 3  from the dead, Jesus Christ our Lord.

NIV ©

and who through the Spirit of holiness was declared with power to be the Son of God, by his resurrection from the dead: Jesus Christ our Lord.

NASB ©

who was declared the Son of God with power by the resurrection from the dead, according to the Spirit of holiness, Jesus Christ our Lord,

NLT ©

And Jesus Christ our Lord was shown to be the Son of God when God powerfully raised him from the dead by means of the Holy Spirit.

MSG ©

his unique identity as Son of God was shown by the Spirit when Jesus was raised from the dead, setting him apart as the Messiah, our Master.

BBE ©

But was marked out as Son of God in power by the Holy Spirit through the coming to life again of the dead; Jesus Christ our Lord,

NRSV ©

and was declared to be Son of God with power according to the spirit of holiness by resurrection from the dead, Jesus Christ our Lord,

NKJV ©

and declared to be the Son of God with power according to the Spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead.


KJV
And declared
<3724> (5685)
[to be] the Son
<5207>
of God
<2316>
with
<1722>
power
<1411>_,
according
<2596>
to the spirit
<4151>
of holiness
<42>_,
by
<1537>
the resurrection
<386>
from the dead
<3498>_:
{declared: Gr. determined}
NASB ©
who was declared
<3724>
the Son
<5207>
of God
<2316>
with power
<1411>
by the resurrection
<386>
from the dead
<3498>
, according
<2596>
to the Spirit
<4151>
of holiness
<42>
, Jesus
<2424>
Christ
<5547>
our Lord
<2962>
,
GREEK
tou
<3588>
T-GSM
orisyentov
<3724> (5685)
V-APP-GSM
uiou
<5207>
N-GSM
yeou
<2316>
N-GSM
en
<1722>
PREP
dunamei
<1411>
N-DSF
kata
<2596>
PREP
pneuma
<4151>
N-ASN
agiwsunhv
<42>
N-GSF
ex
<1537>
PREP
anastasewv
<386>
N-GSF
nekrwn
<3498>
A-GPM
ihsou
<2424>
N-GSM
cristou
<5547>
N-GSM
tou
<3588>
T-GSM
kuriou
<2962>
N-GSM
hmwn
<2257>
P-1GP
NET © [draft] ITL
who was appointed
<3724>
the Son-of-God-in-power
<5207>

<2316>

<1722>

<1411>
according to
<2596>
the Holy
<42>
Spirit
<4151>
by
<1537>
the resurrection
<386>
from the dead
<3498>
, Jesus
<2424>
Christ
<5547>
our
<2257>
Lord
<2962>
.
NET ©

who was appointed the Son-of-God-in-power 1  according to the Holy Spirit 2  by the resurrection 3  from the dead, Jesus Christ our Lord.

NET © Notes

sn Appointed the Son-of-God-in-power. Most translations render the Greek participle ὁρισθέντος (Jorisqentos, from ὁρίζω, Jorizw) “declared” or “designated” in order to avoid the possible interpretation that Jesus was appointed the Son of God by the resurrection. However, the Greek term ὁρίζω is used eight times in the NT, and it always has the meaning “to determine, appoint.” Paul is not saying that Jesus was appointed the “Son of God by the resurrection” but “Son-of-God-in-power by the resurrection,” as indicated by the hyphenation. He was born in weakness in human flesh (with respect to the flesh, v. 3) and he was raised with power. This is similar to Matt 28:18 where Jesus told his disciples after the resurrection, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me.”

tn Grk “spirit of holiness.” Some interpreters take the phrase to refer to Christ’s own inner spirit, which was characterized by holiness.

tn Or “by his resurrection.” Most interpreters see this as a reference to Jesus’ own resurrection, although some take it to refer to the general resurrection at the end of the age, of which Jesus’ resurrection is the first installment (cf. 1 Cor 15:23).



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