Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Revelation 5:10

Context
NET ©

You have appointed 1  them 2  as a kingdom and priests 3  to serve 4  our God, and they will reign 5  on the earth.”

NIV ©

You have made them to be a kingdom and priests to serve our God, and they will reign on the earth."

NASB ©

"You have made them to be a kingdom and priests to our God; and they will reign upon the earth."

NLT ©

And you have caused them to become God’s Kingdom and his priests. And they will reign on the earth."

MSG ©

Then you made them a Kingdom, Priests for our God, Priest-kings to rule over the earth.

BBE ©

And have made them a kingdom and priests to our God, and they are ruling on the earth.

NRSV ©

you have made them to be a kingdom and priests serving our God, and they will reign on earth."

NKJV ©

And have made us kings and priests to our God; And we shall reign on the earth."


KJV
And
<2532>
hast made
<4160> (5656)
us
<2248>
unto our
<2257>
God
<2316>
kings
<935>
and
<2532>
priests
<2409>_:
and
<2532>
we shall reign
<936> (5692)
on
<1909>
the earth
<1093>_.
NASB ©
"You have made
<4160>
them to be a kingdom
<932>
and priests
<2409>
to our God
<2316>
; and they will reign
<936>
upon the earth
<1093>
."
GREEK
kai
<2532>
CONJ
epoihsav
<4160> (5656)
V-AAI-2S
autouv
<846>
P-APM
tw
<3588>
T-DSM
yew
<2316>
N-DSM
hmwn
<2257>
P-1GP
basileian
<932>
N-ASF
kai
<2532>
CONJ
iereiv
<2409>
N-APM
kai
<2532>
CONJ
basileuousin
<936> (5719)
V-PAI-3P
epi
<1909>
PREP
thv
<3588>
T-GSF
ghv
<1093>
N-GSF
NET © [draft] ITL
You have appointed
<4160>
them
<846>
as a kingdom
<932>
and
<2532>
priests
<2409>
to serve our
<2257>
God
<2316>
, and
<2532>
they will reign
<936>
on
<1909>
the earth
<1093>
.”
NET ©

You have appointed 1  them 2  as a kingdom and priests 3  to serve 4  our God, and they will reign 5  on the earth.”

NET © Notes

tn The verb ἐποίησας (epoihsas) is understood to mean “appointed” here. For an example of this use, see Mark 3:14.

tc The vast majority of witnesses have αὐτούς (autous, “them”) here, while the Textus Receptus reads ἡμᾶς (Jhmas, “us”) with insignificant support (pc gig vgcl sa Prim Bea). There is no question that the original text read αὐτούς here.

tn The reference to “kingdom and priests” may be a hendiadys: “priestly kingdom.”

tn The words “to serve” are not in the Greek text, but are implied by the word “priests.”

tc The textual problem here between the present tense βασιλεύουσιν (basileuousin, “they are reigning”; so A 1006 1611 ÏK pc) and the future βασιλεύσουσιν (basileusousin, “they will reign”; so א 1854 2053 ÏA pc lat co) is a difficult one. Both readings have excellent support. On the one hand, the present tense seems to be the harder reading in this context. On the other hand, codex A elsewhere mistakes the future for the present (20:6). Further, the lunar sigma in uncial script could have been overlooked by some scribes, resulting in the present tense. All things considered, there is a slight preference for the future.



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