Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Revelation 21:18

Context
NET ©

The city’s 1  wall is made 2  of jasper and the city is pure gold, like transparent glass. 3 

NIV ©

The wall was made of jasper, and the city of pure gold, as pure as glass.

NASB ©

The material of the wall was jasper; and the city was pure gold, like clear glass.

NLT ©

The wall was made of jasper, and the city was pure gold, as clear as glass.

MSG ©

The wall was jasper, the color of Glory, and the City was pure gold, translucent as glass.

BBE ©

And the building of its wall was of jasper, and the town was clear gold, clear as glass.

NRSV ©

The wall is built of jasper, while the city is pure gold, clear as glass.

NKJV ©

The construction of its wall was of jasper; and the city was pure gold, like clear glass.


KJV
And
<2532>
the building
<1739>
of the wall
<5038>
of it
<846>
was
<2258> (5713)
[of] jasper
<2393>_:
and
<2532>
the city
<4172>
[was] pure
<2513>
gold
<5553>_,
like
<3664>
unto clear
<2513>
glass
<5194>_.
NASB ©
The material
<1746>
of the wall
<5038>
was jasper
<2393>
; and the city
<4172>
was pure
<2513>
gold
<5553>
, like
<3664>
clear
<2513>
glass
<5194>
.
GREEK
kai
<2532>
CONJ
h
<3588>
T-NSF
endwmhsiv
<1739>
N-NSF
tou
<3588>
T-GSN
teicouv
<5038>
N-GSN
authv
<846>
P-GSF
iaspiv
<2393>
N-NSF
kai
<2532>
CONJ
h
<3588>
T-NSF
poliv
<4172>
N-NSF
crusion
<5553>
N-NSN
kayaron
<2513>
A-NSN
omoion
<3664>
A-NSN
ualw
<5194>
N-DSM
kayarw
<2513>
A-DSM
NET © [draft] ITL
The city’s wall
<5038>
is made
<1739>
of jasper
<2393>
and
<2532>
the city
<4172>
is pure
<2513>
gold
<5553>
, like
<3664>
transparent
<2513>
glass
<5194>
.
NET ©

The city’s 1  wall is made 2  of jasper and the city is pure gold, like transparent glass. 3 

NET © Notes

tn Grk “and its wall”; the referent of the pronoun (the city) has been specified in the translation for clarity. Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style.

tn The phrase ἡ ἐνδώμησις τοῦ τείχους (Jh endwmhsi" tou teicou") is difficult to translate precisely. BDAG 334 s.v. ἐνδώμησις states, “primary mng. ‘interior structure’; in our lit. prob.=construction, hence material τοῦ τείχους Rv 21:18.” The phrase could then be translated, “the foundation of the city wall was jasper” or “the material used for the wall of the city was jasper.” The latter alternative has been used in the translation because the text goes on to discuss the foundation in 21:19 (using the term θεμέλιος [qemelios]), which is somewhat redundant if the foundation is mentioned here.

tn Or “transparent crystal.” See L&N 6.222, which notes the emphasis is on transparency here. The same Greek word, καθαρός (kaqaros), means both “pure” (referring to the gold) and “transparent” (referring to the glass).



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