Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Revelation 18:13

Context
NETBible

cinnamon, spice, 1  incense, perfumed ointment, 2  frankincense, 3  wine, olive oil and costly flour, 4  wheat, cattle and sheep, horses and four-wheeled carriages, 5  slaves and human lives. 6 

XREF

Ex 21:16; De 24:7; De 28:68; 1Ki 10:10,15,25; 2Ch 9:9; Ne 5:4,5,8; Pr 7:17; So 1:3; So 4:13,14; So 5:5; Isa 50:1; Eze 27:13; Am 2:6; Am 6:6; Am 8:6; Joh 12:3-8; 1Ti 1:10; 2Pe 2:3

NET © Notes

tn On the term ἄμωμον (amwmon) L&N 5.23 states, “a generic term for any kind of spice, though often a specific reference to amomum, an Indian type of spice – ‘spice, amomum.’ κιννάμωμον καὶ ἄμωμον καὶ θυμιάματα ‘cinnamon and spice and incense’ Re 18:13. In most translations ἄμωμον is interpreted as spice in general.”

tn Or “myrrh,” a strong aromatic ointment often used to prepare a body for burial (L&N 6.205).

tn The Greek term λίβανος (libano") refers to the aromatic resin of a certain type of tree (L&N 6.212).

tn On σεμίδαλις (semidali") L&N 5.10 states, “a fine grade of wheat flour – ‘fine flour.’ οἶνον καὶ ἔλαιον καὶ σεμίδαλιν καὶ σῖτον ‘wine and oil and fine flour and wheat’ Re 18:13. In some languages ‘fine flour’ may be best expressed as ‘expensive flour.’ Such a rendering fits well the context of Re 18:13.”

tn Or “and wagons.” On the term ῥέδη (rJedh) see L&N 6.53: “a four-wheeled carriage or wagon used for travel or the transportation of loads – ‘carriage, wagon.’ The term ῥέδη occurs only in Re 18:13 in a list of products bought and sold by merchants.”

tn Grk “and bodies and souls of men.” This could be understood (1) as a hendiadys (two things mentioned = one thing meant), referring only to slave trade; (2) it could be referring to two somewhat different concepts: slavery (bodies) and the cheapness of human life – some of the items earlier in the list of merchandise were to be obtained only at great cost of human life; or (3) a somewhat related idea, that the trade is in not just physical bodies (slavery) but human souls (people whose lives are destroyed through this trade).



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