Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Revelation 1:18

Context
NET ©

and the one who lives! I 1  was dead, but look, now I am alive – forever and ever – and I hold the keys of death and of Hades! 2 

NIV ©

I am the Living One; I was dead, and behold I am alive for ever and ever! And I hold the keys of death and Hades.

NASB ©

and the living One; and I was dead, and behold, I am alive forevermore, and I have the keys of death and of Hades.

NLT ©

I am the living one who died. Look, I am alive forever and ever! And I hold the keys of death and the grave.

MSG ©

I'm Alive. I died, but I came to life, and my life is now forever. See these keys in my hand? They open and lock Death's doors, they open and lock Hell's gates.

BBE ©

And I was dead, and see, I am living for ever, and I have the keys of death and of Hell.

NRSV ©

and the living one. I was dead, and see, I am alive forever and ever; and I have the keys of Death and of Hades.

NKJV ©

"I am He who lives, and was dead, and behold, I am alive forevermore. Amen. And I have the keys of Hades and of Death.


KJV
I [am] he that liveth
<2198> (5723)_,
and
<2532>
was
<1096> (5633)
dead
<3498>_;
and
<2532>_,
behold
<2400> (5628)_,
I am
<1510> (5748)
alive
<2198> (5723)
for
<1519>
evermore
<165> <165>_,
Amen
<281>_;
and
<2532>
have
<2192> (5719)
the keys
<2807>
of hell
<86>
and
<2532>
of death
<2288>_.
NASB ©
and the living
<2198>
One; and I was dead
<3498>
, and behold
<2400>
, I am
<1510>
alive
<2198>
forevermore
<165>
, and I have
<2192>
the keys
<2807>
of death
<2288>
and of Hades
<86>
.
GREEK
kai
<2532>
CONJ
o
<3588>
T-NSM
zwn
<2198> (5723)
V-PAP-NSM
kai
<2532>
CONJ
egenomhn
<1096> (5633)
V-2ADI-1S
nekrov
<3498>
A-NSM
kai
<2532>
CONJ
idou
<2400> (5628)
V-2AAM-2S
zwn
<2198> (5723)
V-PAP-NSM
eimi
<1510> (5748)
V-PXI-1S
eiv
<1519>
PREP
touv
<3588>
T-APM
aiwnav
<165>
N-APM
twn
<3588>
T-GPM
aiwnwn
<165>
N-GPM
kai
<2532>
CONJ
ecw
<2192> (5719)
V-PAI-1S
tav
<3588>
T-APF
kleiv
<2807>
N-APF
tou
<3588>
T-GSM
yanatou
<2288>
N-GSM
kai
<2532>
CONJ
tou
<3588>
T-GSM
adou
<86>
N-GSM
NET © [draft] ITL
and
<2532>
the one who lives
<2198>
! I was
<1096>
dead
<3498>
, but
<2532>
look
<2400>
, now I am
<1510>
alive
<2198>
– forever
<1519>

<165>
and ever
<165>
– and
<2532>
I hold
<2192>
the keys
<2807>
of death
<2288>
and
<2532>
of Hades
<86>
!
NET ©

and the one who lives! I 1  was dead, but look, now I am alive – forever and ever – and I hold the keys of death and of Hades! 2 

NET © Notes

tn Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style.

tn Concerning “Hades” BDAG 19 s.v. ᾅδης 1 and 2 states: “Orig. proper noun, god of the nether world, ‘Hades’, then the nether world, Hades as place of the dead, Ac 2:27, 31 (Ps 15:10; Eccl 9:10; PGM 1, 179; 16, 8; Philo, Mos. 1, 195; Jos., Bell. 1, 596, Ant. 6, 332). Of Jonah’s fish ἐκ τοῦ κατωτάτου ᾅδου. In the depths, contrasted w. heaven ἕως (τοῦ) ᾅδου Mt 11:23; Lk 10:15 (PsSol 15:10; cp.; Is 14:11, 15); ἐν τῷ ᾅδῃ 16:23; ἐν ῝Αιδου ApcPt Rainer. Accessible by gates (but the pl. is also used [e.g. Hom., X., Ael. Aristid. 47, 20 K.=23 p. 450 D.] when only one gate is meant), hence πύλαι ᾅδου (Il. 5, 646; Is 38:10; Wsd 16:13; 3 Macc 5:51; Pss. Sol. 16:2. – Lucian, Menipp. 6 the magicians can open τοῦ ῝Αιδου τὰς πύλας and conduct people in and out safely) Mt 16:18…locked ἔχω τὰς κλεῖς τοῦ θανάτου καὶ τοῦ ᾅδου Rv 1:18 (the genitives are either obj. [Ps.-Apollod. 3, 12, 6, 10 Aeacus, the son of Zeus holds the κλεῖς τοῦ ῝Αιδου; SEG VIII, 574, 3 (III ad) τῷ τὰς κλεῖδας ἔχοντι τῶν καθ᾿ ῝Αιδου (restored)] or possess.; in the latter case death and Hades are personif.; s. 2)…Hades personif.…w. θάνατος (cp. Is 28:15; Job 38:17…) Rv 6:8; 20:13f.”

sn In the OT, Hades was known as Sheol. It is the place where the unrighteous will reside (Matt 11:23; Luke 16:23; Rev 20:13-14).



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