Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Revelation 1:1

Context
NET ©

The revelation of Jesus Christ, 1  which God gave him to show his servants 2  what must happen very soon. 3  He made it clear 4  by sending his angel to his servant 5  John,

NIV ©

The revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave him to show his servants what must soon take place. He made it known by sending his angel to his servant John,

NASB ©

The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave Him to show to His bond-servants, the things which must soon take place; and He sent and communicated it by His angel to His bond-servant John,

NLT ©

This is a revelation from Jesus Christ, which God gave him concerning the events that will happen soon. An angel was sent to God’s servant John so that John could share the revelation with God’s other servants.

MSG ©

A revealing of Jesus, the Messiah. God gave it to make plain to his servants what is about to happen. He published and delivered it by Angel to his servant John.

BBE ©

The Revelation of Jesus Christ which God gave him so that his servants might have knowledge of the things which will quickly take place: and he sent and made it clear by his angel to his servant John;

NRSV ©

The revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave him to show his servants what must soon take place; he made it known by sending his angel to his servant John,

NKJV ©

The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave Him to show His servants––things which must shortly take place. And He sent and signified it by His angel to His servant John,


KJV
The Revelation
<602>
of Jesus
<2424>
Christ
<5547>_,
which
<3739>
God
<2316>
gave
<1325> (5656)
unto him
<846>_,
to shew
<1166> (5658)
unto his
<846>
servants
<1401>
things which
<3739>
must
<1163> (5748)
shortly
<1722> <5034>
come to pass
<1096> (5635)_;
and
<2532>
he sent
<649> (5660)
and signified
<4591> (5656)
[it] by
<1223>
his
<846>
angel
<32>
unto his
<846>
servant
<1401>
John
<2491>_:
NASB ©
The Revelation
<602>
of Jesus
<2424>
Christ
<5547>
, which
<3739>
God
<2316>
gave
<1325>
Him to show
<1166>
to His bond-servants
<1401>
, the things which
<3739>
must
<1163>
soon
<5034>
take
<1096>
place
<1096>
; and He sent
<649>
and communicated
<4591>
it by His angel
<32>
to His bond-servant
<1401>
John
<2491>
,
GREEK
apokaluqiv
<602>
N-NSF
ihsou
<2424>
N-GSM
cristou
<5547>
N-GSM
hn
<3739>
R-ASF
edwken
<1325> (5656)
V-AAI-3S
autw
<846>
P-DSM
o
<3588>
T-NSM
yeov
<2316>
N-NSM
deixai
<1166> (5658)
V-AAN
toiv
<3588>
T-DPM
douloiv
<1401>
N-DPM
autou
<846>
P-GSM
a
<3739>
R-APN
dei
<1163> (5904)
V-PQI-3S
genesyai
<1096> (5635)
V-2ADN
en
<1722>
PREP
tacei
<5034>
N-DSN
kai
<2532>
CONJ
eshmanen
<4591> (5656)
V-AAI-3S
aposteilav
<649> (5660)
V-AAP-NSM
dia
<1223>
PREP
tou
<3588>
T-GSM
aggelou
<32>
N-GSM
autou
<846>
P-GSM
tw
<3588>
T-DSM
doulw
<1401>
N-DSM
autou
<846>
P-GSM
iwannh
<2491>
N-DSM
NET © [draft] ITL
The revelation
<602>
of Jesus
<2424>
Christ
<5547>
, which
<3739>
God
<2316>
gave
<1325>
him
<846>
to show
<1166>
his
<846>
servants
<1401>
what
<3739>
must
<1163>
happen
<1096>
very soon
<5034>
. He
<2532>
made
<4591>
it clear
<4591>
by sending
<649>
his
<846>
angel
<32>
to his
<846>
servant
<1401>
John
<2491>
,
NET ©

The revelation of Jesus Christ, 1  which God gave him to show his servants 2  what must happen very soon. 3  He made it clear 4  by sending his angel to his servant 5  John,

NET © Notes

tn The phrase ἀποκάλυψις ᾿Ιησοῦ Χριστοῦ (ajpokaluyi" Ihsou Cristou, “the revelation of Jesus Christ”) could be interpreted as either an objective genitive (“the revelation about Jesus Christ”), subjective genitive (“the revelation from Jesus Christ”), or both (M. Zerwick’s “general” genitive [Biblical Greek, §§36-39]; D. B. Wallace’s “plenary” genitive [ExSyn 119-21]). In 1:1 and 22:16 it is clear that Jesus has sent his angel to proclaim the message to John; thus the message is from Christ, and this would be a subjective genitive. On a broader scale, though, the revelation is about Christ, so this would be an objective genitive. One important point to note is that the phrase under consideration is best regarded as the title of the book and therefore refers to the whole of the work in all its aspects. This fact favors considering this as a plenary genitive.

tn Grk “slaves.” Although this translation frequently renders δοῦλος (doulos) as “slave,” the connotation is often of one who has sold himself into slavery; in a spiritual sense, the idea is that of becoming a slave of God or of Jesus Christ voluntarily. The voluntary notion is not conspicuous here; hence, the translation “servants.” In any case, the word does not bear the connotation of a free individual serving another. BDAG notes that “‘servant’ for ‘slave’ is largely confined to Biblical transl. and early American times…in normal usage at the present time the two words are carefully distinguished” (BDAG 260 s.v.). The most accurate translation is “bondservant” (sometimes found in the ASV for δοῦλος), in that it often indicates one who sells himself into slavery to another. But as this is archaic, few today understand its force.

tn BDAG 992-93 s.v. τάχος has “quickly, at once, without delay Ac 10:33 D; 12:7; 17:15 D; 22:18; 1 Cl 48:1; 63:4…soon, in a short timeRv 1:1; 22:6shortly Ac 25:4.”

tn Or “He indicated it clearly” (L&N 33.153).

tn See the note on the word “servants” earlier in this verse.



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