Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Psalms 5:9

Context
NET ©

For 1  they do not speak the truth; 2  their stomachs are like the place of destruction, 3  their throats like an open grave, 4  their tongues like a steep slope leading into it. 5 

NIV ©

Not a word from their mouth can be trusted; their heart is filled with destruction. Their throat is an open grave; with their tongue they speak deceit.

NASB ©

There is nothing reliable in what they say; Their inward part is destruction itself. Their throat is an open grave; They flatter with their tongue.

NLT ©

My enemies cannot speak one truthful word. Their deepest desire is to destroy others. Their talk is foul, like the stench from an open grave. Their speech is filled with flattery.

MSG ©

Every word they speak is a land mine; their lungs breathe out poison gas. Their throats are gaping graves, their tongues slick as mudslides.

BBE ©

For no faith may be put in their words; their inner part is nothing but evil; their throat is like an open place for the dead; smooth are the words of their tongues.

NRSV ©

For there is no truth in their mouths; their hearts are destruction; their throats are open graves; they flatter with their tongues.

NKJV ©

For there is no faithfulness in their mouth; Their inward part is destruction; Their throat is an open tomb; They flatter with their tongue.


KJV
For [there is] no faithfulness
<03559> (8737)
in their mouth
<06310>_;
their inward
<07130>
part [is] very wickedness
<01942>_;
their throat
<01627>
[is] an open
<06605> (8803)
sepulchre
<06913>_;
they flatter
<02505> (8686)
with their tongue
<03956>_.
{faithfulness: or, stedfastness} {their mouth: Heb. his mouth, that is, the mouth of any of them} {very...: Heb. wickednesses}
NASB ©
There
<0369>
is nothing
<0369>
reliable
<03559>
in what
<06310>
they say
<06310>
; Their inward
<07130>
part
<07130>
is destruction
<01942>
itself. Their throat
<01627>
is an open
<06605>
grave
<06913>
; They flatter
<02505>
with their tongue
<03956>
.
HEBREW
Nwqylxy
<02505>
Mnwsl
<03956>
Mnwrg
<01627>
xwtp
<06605>
rbq
<06913>
twwh
<01942>
Mbrq
<07130>
hnwkn
<03559>
whypb
<06310>
Nya
<0369>
yk
<03588>
(5:9)
<5:10>
LXXM
(5:10) oti
<3754
CONJ
ouk
<3364
ADV
estin
<1510
V-PAI-3S
en
<1722
PREP
tw
<3588
T-DSN
stomati
<4750
N-DSN
autwn
<846
D-GPM
alhyeia
<225
N-NSF
h
<3588
T-NSF
kardia
<2588
N-NSF
autwn
<846
D-GPM
mataia
<3152
A-NSF
tafov
<5028
N-NSM
anewgmenov
<455
V-RMPNS
o
<3588
T-NSM
larugx
<2995
N-NSM
autwn
<846
D-GPM
taiv
<3588
T-DPF
glwssaiv
<1100
N-DPF
autwn
<846
D-GPM
edoliousan
<1387
V-AAI-3P
NET © [draft] ITL
For
<03588>
they do
<01942>
not
<0369>
speak
<06310>
the truth; their stomachs
<01942>
stomachs
<07130>
are like the place of destruction, their throats
<01627>
like an open
<06605>
grave
<06913>
, their tongues
<03956>
like a steep slope leading into
<02505>
it.
NET ©

For 1  they do not speak the truth; 2  their stomachs are like the place of destruction, 3  their throats like an open grave, 4  their tongues like a steep slope leading into it. 5 

NET © Notes

tn Or “certainly.”

tn Heb “for there is not in his mouth truthfulness.” The singular pronoun (“his”) probably refers back to the “man of bloodshed and deceit” mentioned in v. 6. The singular is collective or representative, as the plural in the next line indicates, and so has been translated “they.”

tn Heb “their inward part[s] [is] destruction.” For a discussion of the extended metaphor in v. 9b, see the note on the word “it” at the end of the verse.

tn Heb “their throat is an open grave.” For a discussion of the extended metaphor in v. 9b, see the note on the word “it” at the end of the verse. The metaphor is suggested by the physical resemblance of the human throat to a deeply dug grave; both are dark chasms.

tn Heb “they make smooth their tongue.” Flattering, deceitful words are in view. See Ps 12:2. The psalmist’s deceitful enemies are compared to the realm of death/Sheol in v. 9b. Sheol was envisioned as a dark region within the earth, the entrance to which was the grave with its steep slopes (cf. Ps 88:4-6). The enemies’ victims are pictured here as slipping down a steep slope (the enemies’ tongues) and falling into an open grave (their throat) that terminates in destruction in the inner recesses of Sheol (their stomach). The enemies’ קרב (“inward part”) refers here to their thoughts and motives, which are destructive in their intent. The throat is where these destructive thoughts are transformed into words, and their tongue is what they use to speak the deceitful words that lead their innocent victims to their demise.

sn As the psalmist walks down the path in which God leads him, he asks the Lord to guide his steps and remove danger from the path (v. 8), because he knows his enemies have “dug a grave” for him and are ready to use their deceitful words to “swallow him up” like the realm of death (i.e., Sheol) and bring him to ruin.



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