Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Psalms 49:7

Context
NET ©

Certainly a man cannot rescue his brother; 1  he cannot pay God an adequate ransom price 2 

NIV ©

No man can redeem the life of another or give to God a ransom for him—

NASB ©

No man can by any means redeem his brother Or give to God a ransom for him—

NLT ©

Yet they cannot redeem themselves from death by paying a ransom to God.

MSG ©

Really! There's no such thing as self-rescue, pulling yourself up by your bootstraps.

BBE ©

Truly, no man may get back his soul for a price, or give to God the payment for himself;

NRSV ©

Truly, no ransom avails for one’s life, there is no price one can give to God for it.

NKJV ©

None of them can by any means redeem his brother, Nor give to God a ransom for him––


KJV
None [of them] can
<0376>
by any means
<06299> (8800)
redeem
<06299> (8799)
his brother
<0251>_,
nor give
<05414> (8799)
to God
<0430>
a ransom
<03724>
for him:
NASB ©
No
<03808>
man
<0376>
can by any
<06299>
means
<06299>
redeem
<06299>
his brother
<0251>
Or
<03808>
give
<05414>
to God
<0430>
a ransom
<03724>
for him--
HEBREW
wrpk
<03724>
Myhlal
<0430>
Nty
<05414>
al
<03808>
sya
<0376>
hdpy
<06299>
hdp
<06299>
al
<03808>
xa
<0251>
(49:7)
<49:8>
LXXM
(48:8) adelfov
<80
N-NSM
ou
<3364
ADV
lutroutai
<3084
V-PMI-3S
lutrwsetai
<3084
V-FMI-3S
anyrwpov
<444
N-NSM
ou
<3364
ADV
dwsei
<1325
V-FAI-3S
tw
<3588
T-DSM
yew
<2316
N-DSM
exilasma {N-ASN} autou
<846
D-GSM
NET © [draft] ITL
Certainly
<06299>
a man cannot
<03808>
rescue
<06299>
his brother
<0251>
; he cannot pay
<05414>
God
<0430>
an adequate
<06299>
ransom
<03724>
price
NET ©

Certainly a man cannot rescue his brother; 1  he cannot pay God an adequate ransom price 2 

NET © Notes

tn Heb “a brother, he surely does not ransom, a man.” The sequence אִישׁ...אָח (’akh...’ish, “a brother…a man”) is problematic, for the usual combination is אָח...אָח (“a brother…a brother”) or אִישׁ...אִישׁ (“a man…a man”). When אִישׁ and אָח are combined, the usual order is אָח...אִישׁ (“a man…a brother”), with “brother” having a third masculine singular suffix, “his brother.” This suggests that “brother” is the object of the verb and “man” the subject. (1) Perhaps the altered word order and absence of the suffix can be explained by the text’s poetic character, for ellipsis is a feature of Hebrew poetic style. (2) Another option, supported by a few medieval Hebrew mss, is to emend “brother” to the similar sounding אַךְ (’akh, “surely; but”) which occurs in v. 15 before the verb פָּדָה (padah, “ransom”). If this reading is accepted the Qal imperfect יִפְדֶּה (yifddeh, “he can [not] ransom”) would need to be emended to a Niphal (passive) form, יִפָּדֶה (yifadeh, “he can[not] be ransomed”) unless one understands the subject of the Qal verb to be indefinite (“one cannot redeem a man”). (A Niphal imperfect can be collocated with a Qal infinitive absolute. See GKC 344-45 §113.w.) No matter how one decides the textual issues, the imperfect in this case is modal, indicating potential, and the infinitive absolute emphasizes the statement.

tn Heb “he cannot pay to God his ransom price.” Num 35:31 may supply the legal background for the metaphorical language used here. The psalmist pictures God as having a claim on the soul of the individual. When God comes to claim the life that ultimately belongs to him, he demands a ransom price that is beyond the capability of anyone to pay. The psalmist’s point is that God has ultimate authority over life and death; all the money in the world cannot buy anyone a single day of life beyond what God has decreed.



TIP #25: What tip would you like to see included here? Click "To report a problem/suggestion" on the bottom of page and tell us. [ALL]
created in 0.02 seconds
powered by bible.org