Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Psalms 23:6

Context
NET ©

Surely your goodness and faithfulness 1  will pursue 2  me all my days, 3  and I will live in 4  the Lord’s house 5  for the rest of my life. 6 

NIV ©

Surely goodness and love will follow me all the days of my life, and I will dwell in the house of the LORD for ever.

NASB ©

Surely goodness and lovingkindness will follow me all the days of my life, And I will dwell in the house of the LORD forever.

NLT ©

Surely your goodness and unfailing love will pursue me all the days of my life, and I will live in the house of the LORD forever.

MSG ©

Your beauty and love chase after me every day of my life. I'm back home in the house of GOD for the rest of my life.

BBE ©

Truly, blessing and mercy will be with me all the days of my life; and I will have a place in the house of the Lord all my days.

NRSV ©

Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life, and I shall dwell in the house of the LORD my whole life long.

NKJV ©

Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me All the days of my life; And I will dwell in the house of the LORD Forever.


KJV
Surely goodness
<02896>
and mercy
<02617>
shall follow
<07291> (8799)
me all the days
<03117>
of my life
<02416>_:
and I will dwell
<03427> (8804)
in the house
<01004>
of the LORD
<03068>
for ever
<0753> <03117>_.
{for ever: Heb. to length of days}
NASB ©
Surely
<0389>
goodness
<02896>
and lovingkindness
<02617>
will follow
<07291>
me all
<03605>
the days
<03117>
of my life
<02425>
, And I will dwell
<03427>
in the house
<01004>
of the LORD
<03068>
forever
<0753>
<3117>.
HEBREW
Mymy
<03117>
Kral
<0753>
hwhy
<03068>
tybb
<01004>
ytbsw
<03427>
yyx
<02416>
ymy
<03117>
lk
<03605>
ynwpdry
<07291>
doxw
<02617>
bwj
<02896>
Ka (23:6)
<0389>
LXXM
(22:6) kai
<2532
CONJ
to
<3588
T-NSN
eleov
<1656
N-NSN
sou
<4771
P-GS
katadiwxetai
<2614
V-FMI-3S
me
<1473
P-AS
pasav
<3956
A-APF
tav
<3588
T-APF
hmerav
<2250
N-APF
thv
<3588
T-GSF
zwhv
<2222
N-GSF
mou
<1473
P-GS
kai
<2532
CONJ
to
<3588
T-ASN
katoikein {V-PAN} me
<1473
P-AS
en
<1722
PREP
oikw
<3624
N-DSM
kuriou
<2962
N-GSM
eiv
<1519
PREP
makrothta {N-ASF} hmerwn
<2250
N-GPF
NET © [draft] ITL
Surely
<0389>
your goodness
<02896>
and faithfulness
<02617>
will pursue
<07291>
me all
<03605>
my days
<03117>
, and I will live in
<03427>
the Lord’s
<03068>
house
<01004>
for the rest
<0753>
of my life
<03117>
.
NET ©

Surely your goodness and faithfulness 1  will pursue 2  me all my days, 3  and I will live in 4  the Lord’s house 5  for the rest of my life. 6 

NET © Notes

tn The noun חֶסֶד (khesed; v. 6) has been the subject of several monographs. G. R. Clark concludes that חֶסֶד “is not merely an attitude or an emotion; it is an emotion that leads to an activity beneficial to the recipient.” He explains that an act of חֶסֶד is “a beneficent action performed, in the context of a deep and enduring commitment between two persons or parties, by one who is able to render assistance to the needy party who in the circumstances is unable to help him- or herself.” (See G. R. Clark, The Word Hesed in the Hebrew Bible [JSOTSup], 267.) HALOT 336-37 s.v. defines the word as “loyalty,” or “faithfulness.” Other appropriate meanings might be “commitment” and “devotion.”

tn The use of רָדַף (radaf, “pursue, chase”) with טוֹב וָחֶסֶד (tov vakhesed, “goodness and faithfulness”) as subject is ironic. This is the only place in the entire OT where either of these nouns appears as the subject of this verb רָדַף (radaf, “pursue”). This verb is often used to describe the hostile actions of enemies. One might expect the psalmist’s enemies (see v. 5) to chase him, but ironically God’s “goodness and faithfulness” (which are personified and stand by metonymy for God himself) pursue him instead. The word “pursue” is used outside of its normal context in an ironic manner and creates a unique, but pleasant word picture of God’s favor (or a kind God) “chasing down” the one whom he loves.

tn Heb “all the days of my life.”

tn The verb form וְשַׁבְתִּי (vÿshavtiy) is a Qal perfect (with vav [ו] consecutive), first common singular, from שׁוּב (shuv, “return”) and should be translated, “and I will return.” But this makes no sense when construed with the following phrase, “in the house of the Lord.” The term שׁוּב (shuv) appears only here with the following phrase בְּבֵית (bÿvet). The form should be emended to וְשִׁבְתִּי (vÿshivtiy; an infinitive construct from יָשַׁב, yashav, “live”) with pronominal suffix) or to וְיָשַׁבְתִּי (vÿyashavtiy; a Qal perfect with vav [ו] consecutive, first common singular, from ישׁב [see BHS, note c]). In either case one could then translate, “and I will live [in the house of the Lord].” The phrase “in the house” frequently follows the verb יָשַׁב in the OT.

tn Heb “the house of the Lord.” The phrase may be purely metaphorical here, referring to the royal palace where the royal host of v. 5 holds his banquet and lives. If one takes the phrase more literally, it would refer to the earthly tabernacle (if one accepts Davidic authorship) or the later temple (see Judg 19:18; 1 Sam 1:7, 24; 2 Sam 12:20; 1 Kgs 7:12, 40, 45, 51).

tn The phrase אֹרֶךְ יָמִים (’orekh yamim, “length of days”) is traditionally translated “forever.” However, this phrase, when used elsewhere of people, usually refers to a lengthy period of time, such as one’s lifetime, and does not mean “forever” in the sense of eternity. (Cf. Deut 30:20; Job 12:12; Ps 91:16; Prov 3:2, 16; Lam 5:20.) Furthermore, the parallel phrase “all the days of my life” suggests this more limited meaning. Psalm 21:4, where the phrase is followed by “forever and ever,” may be an exception, though the juxtaposition of the phrases may be an example of intensification, where the second phrase goes beyond the limits of the first, rather than synonymity. Even if one takes both expressions as referring to eternal life, the language is part of the king’s hyperbolic description of the Lord’s blessings and should not be taken literally.



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