Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Psalms 23:2

Context
NET ©

He takes me to lush pastures, 1  he leads me to refreshing water. 2 

NIV ©

He makes me lie down in green pastures, he leads me beside quiet waters,

NASB ©

He makes me lie down in green pastures; He leads me beside quiet waters.

NLT ©

He lets me rest in green meadows; he leads me beside peaceful streams.

MSG ©

You have bedded me down in lush meadows, you find me quiet pools to drink from.

BBE ©

He makes a resting-place for me in the green fields: he is my guide by the quiet waters.

NRSV ©

He makes me lie down in green pastures; he leads me beside still waters;

NKJV ©

He makes me to lie down in green pastures; He leads me beside the still waters.


KJV
He maketh me to lie down
<07257> (8686)
in green
<01877>
pastures
<04999>_:
he leadeth
<05095> (8762)
me beside the still
<04496>
waters
<04325>_.
{green...: Heb. pastures of tender grass} {still...: Heb. waters of quietness}
NASB ©
He makes me lie
<07257>
down
<07257>
in green
<01877>
pastures
<05116>
; He leads
<05095>
me beside
<05921>
quiet
<04496>
waters
<04325>
.
HEBREW
ynlhny
<05095>
twxnm
<04496>
ym
<04325>
le
<05921>
ynuybry
<07257>
asd
<01877>
twanb (23:2)
<04999>
LXXM
(22:2) eiv
<1519
PREP
topon
<5117
N-ASM
clohv
<5514
N-GSF
ekei
<1563
ADV
me
<1473
P-AS
kateskhnwsen
<2681
V-AAI-3S
epi
<1909
PREP
udatov
<5204
N-GSN
anapausewv
<372
N-GSF
exeyreqen
<1625
V-AAI-3S
me
<1473
P-AS
NET © [draft] ITL
He takes
<07257>
me to lush
<01877>
pastures
<04999>
, he leads
<05095>
me to refreshing
<04496>
water
<04325>
.
NET ©

He takes me to lush pastures, 1  he leads me to refreshing water. 2 

NET © Notes

tn Heb “he makes me lie down in lush pastures.” The Hiphil verb ????????????? (yarbitseniy) has a causative-modal nuance here (see IBHS 445-46 §27.5 on this use of the Hiphil), meaning “allows me to lie down” (see also Jer 33:12). The point is that the shepherd takes the sheep to lush pastures and lets em eat and rest there. Both imperfect verbal forms in v. 2 are generalizing and highlight the psalmist’s typical experience.

tn Both genitives in v. 2 indicate an attribute of the noun they modify: ??????? (deshe’) characterizes the pastures as “lush” (i.e., rich with vegetation), while ???????? (mÿnukhot) probably characterizes the water as refreshing. In this case the plural indicates an abstract quality. Some take ???????? in the sense of “still, calm” (i.e., as describing calm pools in contrast to dangerous torrents) but it is unlikely that such a pastoral scene is in view. Shepherds usually watered their sheep at wells (see Gen 29:2-3; Exod 2:16-19). Another option is to take ???????? as “resting places” and to translate, “water of/at the resting places” (i.e., a genitive of location; see IBHS 147-48 §9.5.2e).

sn Within the framework of the metaphor, the psalmist/sheep is declaring in v. 2 that his shepherd provides the essentials for physical life. At a deeper level the psalmist may be referring to more than just physical provision, though that would certainly be included.



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