Psalms 2:12

NET ©

Give sincere homage! Otherwise he will be angry, and you will die because of your behavior, when his anger quickly ignites. How blessed are all who take shelter in him!

NIV ©

Kiss the Son, lest he be angry and you be destroyed in your way, for his wrath can flare up in a moment. Blessed are all who take refuge in him.

NASB ©

Do homage to the Son, that He not become angry, and you perish in the way, For His wrath may soon be kindled. How blessed are all who take refuge in Him!

NLT ©

Submit to God’s royal son, or he will become angry, and you will be destroyed in the midst of your pursuits––for his anger can flare up in an instant. But what joy for all who find protection in him!

MSG ©

Kiss Messiah! Your very lives are in danger, you know; His anger is about to explode, But if you make a run for God--you won't regret it!

BBE ©

For fear that he may be angry, causing destruction to come on you, because he is quickly moved to wrath. Happy are all those who put their faith in him.

NRSV ©

kiss his feet, or he will be angry, and you will perish in the way; for his wrath is quickly kindled. Happy are all who take refuge in him.

NKJV ©

Kiss the Son, lest He be angry, And you perish in the way, When His wrath is kindled but a little. Blessed are all those who put their trust in Him.

KJV
Kiss
<05401> (8761)
the Son
<01248>_,
lest he be angry
<0599> (8799)_,
and ye perish
<06> (8799)
[from] the way
<01870>_,
when his wrath
<0639>
is kindled
<01197> (8799)
but a little
<04592>_.
Blessed
<0835>
[are] all they that put their trust
<02620> (8802)
in him.
HEBREW
wb
<0>
yowx
<02620>
lk
<03605>
yrsa
<0835>
wpa
<0639>
jemk
<04592>
reby
<01197>
yk
<03588>
Krd
<01870>
wdbatw
<06>
Pnay
<0599>
Np
<06435>
rb
<01248>
wqsn (2:12)
<05401>
LXXM
draxasye
<1405>  
V-AMD-2P
paideiav
<3809>  
N-APF
mhpote
<3379>  
ADV
orgisyh
<3710>  
V-APS-3S
kuriov
<2962>  
N-NSM
kai
<2532>  
CONJ
apoleisye
 
V-FMI-2P
ex
<1537>  
PREP
odou
<3598>  
N-GSF
dikaiav
<1342>  
A-GSF
otan
<3752>  
ADV
ekkauyh
<1572>  
V-APS-3S
en
<1722>  
PREP
tacei
<5036>  
A-DSM
o
<3588>  
T-NSM
yumov
<2372>  
N-NSM
autou
<846>  
D-GSM
makarioi
<3107>  
A-NPM
pantev
<3956>  
A-NPM
oi
<3588>  
T-NPM
pepoiyotev
<3982>  
V-RAPNP
ep
<1909>  
PREP
autw
<846>  
D-DSM
NET © [draft] ITL
Give sincere homage
<05401>
! Otherwise
<06435>
he will be angry
<0599>
, and you will die
<06>
because
<03588>
of your behavior
<01870>
, when his anger
<0639>
quickly
<04592>
ignites
<01197>
. How blessed
<0835>
are all
<03605>
who take shelter
<02620>
in him!
NET © Notes

tn Traditionally, “kiss the son” (KJV). But בַּר (bar) is the Aramaic word for “son,” not the Hebrew. For this reason many regard the reading as suspect. Some propose emendations of vv. 11b-12a. One of the more popular proposals is to read בִּרְעָדָה נַשְּׁקוּ לְרַגְלָיו (biradah nashÿqu lÿraslayv, “in trembling kiss his feet”). It makes better sense to understand בַּר (bar) as an adjective meaning “pure” (see Pss 24:4; 73:1 and BDB 141 s.v. בַּר 3) functioning here in an adverbial sense. If read this way, then the syntactical structure of exhortation (imperative followed by adverbial modifier) corresponds to the two preceding lines (see v. 11). The verb נָשַׁק (nashaq, “kiss”) refers metonymically to showing homage (see 1 Sam 10:1; Hos 13:2). The exhortation in v. 12a advocates a genuine expression of allegiance and warns against insincerity. When swearing allegiance, vassal kings would sometimes do so insincerely, with the intent of rebelling when the time was right. The so-called “Vassal Treaties of Esarhaddon” also warn against such an attitude. In this treaty the vassal is told: “If you, as you stand on the soil where this oath [is sworn], swear the oath with your words and lips [only], do not swear with your entire heart, do not transmit it to your sons who will live after this treaty, if you take this curse upon yourselves but do not plan to keep the treaty of Esarhaddon…may your sons and grandsons because of this fear in the future” (see J. B. Pritchard, ed., The Ancient Near East, 2:62).

tn Throughout the translation of this verse the third person masculine pronouns refer to the Lord (cf. v. 11).

tn The implied subject of the verb is the Lord, mentioned in v. 11. Elsewhere the subject of this verb is consistently the Lord, suggesting it may be a technical term for divine anger. Anger is here used metonymically for judgment, as the following statement makes clear. A Moabite cognate occurs in the Mesha inscription, where it is used of the Moabite god Chemosh’s anger at his people (see J. B. Pritchard, ed., The Ancient Near East, 1:209).

tn Heb “and you will perish [in the] way.” The Hebrew word דֶּרֶךְ (derekh, “way”) here refers to their rebellious behavior (not to a pathway, as often understood). It functions syntactically as an adverbial accusative in relation to the verb “perish.”

tn Or “burns.” The Lord’s anger is compared here to fire, the most destructive force known in ancient Israel.

tn The Hebrew noun is an abstract plural. The word often refers metonymically to the happiness that God-given security and prosperity produce (see Pss 1:1; 34:9; 41:1; 65:4; 84:12; 89:15; 106:3; 112:1; 127:5; 128:1; 144:15).

sn Who take shelter in him. “Taking shelter” in the Lord is an idiom for seeking his protection. Seeking his protection presupposes and even demonstrates the subject’s loyalty to the Lord. In the psalms those who “take shelter” in the Lord are contrasted with the wicked and equated with those who love, fear, and serve the Lord (Pss 5:11-12; 31:17-20; 34:21-22).