Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Psalms 2:11

Context
NET ©

Serve 1  the Lord in fear! Repent in terror! 2 

NIV ©

Serve the LORD with fear and rejoice with trembling.

NASB ©

Worship the LORD with reverence And rejoice with trembling.

NLT ©

Serve the LORD with reverent fear, and rejoice with trembling.

MSG ©

Worship GOD in adoring embrace, Celebrate in trembling awe.

BBE ©

Give worship to the Lord with fear, kissing his feet and giving him honour,

NRSV ©

Serve the LORD with fear, with trembling

NKJV ©

Serve the LORD with fear, And rejoice with trembling.


KJV
Serve
<05647> (8798)
the LORD
<03068>
with fear
<03374>_,
and rejoice
<01523> (8798)
with trembling
<07461>_.
NASB ©
Worship
<05647>
the LORD
<03068>
with reverence
<03374>
And rejoice
<01523>
with trembling
<07461>
.
HEBREW
hderb
<07461>
wlygw
<01523>
haryb
<03374>
hwhy
<03068>
ta
<0853>
wdbe (2:11)
<05647>
LXXM
douleusate
<1398
V-AAD-2P
tw
<3588
T-DSM
kuriw
<2962
N-DSM
en
<1722
PREP
fobw
<5401
N-DSM
kai
<2532
CONJ
agalliasye {V-PMD-2P} autw
<846
D-DSM
en
<1722
PREP
tromw
<5156
N-DSM
NET © [draft] ITL
Serve
<05647>
the Lord
<03068>
in fear
<03374>
! Repent
<01523>
in terror
<07461>
!
NET ©

Serve 1  the Lord in fear! Repent in terror! 2 

NET © Notes

tn The Hebrew verb translated “serve” refers here to submitting to the Lord’s sovereignty as expressed through the rule of the Davidic king. Such “service” would involve maintaining allegiance to the Davidic king by paying tribute on a regular basis.

tn Traditionally, “rejoice with trembling” (KJV). The verb גִּיל (gil) normally means “rejoice,” but this meaning does not fit well here in conjunction with “in trembling.” Some try to understand “trembling” (and the parallel יִרְאָה, yirah, “fear”) in the sense of “reverential awe” and then take the verbs “serve” and “rejoice” in the sense of “worship” (cf. NASB). But רְעָדָה (rÿadah, “trembling”) and its related terms consistently refer to utter terror and fear (see Exod 15:15; Job 4:14; Pss 48:6; 55:5; 104:32; Isa 33:14; Dan 10:11) or at least great emotional distress (Ezra 10:9). It seems more likely here that גִּיל carries its polarized meaning “mourn, lament,” as in Hos 10:5. “Mourn, lament” would then be metonymic in this context for “repent” (referring to one’s rebellious ways). On the meaning of the verb in Hos 10:5, see F. I. Andersen and D. N. Freedman, Hosea (AB), 556-57.



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