Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Psalms 18:2

Context
NET ©

The Lord is my high ridge, 1  my stronghold, 2  my deliverer. My God is my rocky summit where 3  I take shelter, 4  my shield, the horn that saves me, 5  and my refuge. 6 

NIV ©

The LORD is my rock, my fortress and my deliverer; my God is my rock, in whom I take refuge. He is my shield and the horn of my salvation, my stronghold.

NASB ©

The LORD is my rock and my fortress and my deliverer, My God, my rock, in whom I take refuge; My shield and the horn of my salvation, my stronghold.

NLT ©

The LORD is my rock, my fortress, and my savior; my God is my rock, in whom I find protection. He is my shield, the strength of my salvation, and my stronghold.

MSG ©

GOD is bedrock under my feet, the castle in which I live, my rescuing knight. My God--the high crag where I run for dear life, hiding behind the boulders, safe in the granite hideout.

BBE ©

The Lord is my Rock, my walled town, and my saviour; my God, my Rock, in him will I put my faith; my breastplate, and the horn of my salvation, and my high tower.

NRSV ©

The LORD is my rock, my fortress, and my deliverer, my God, my rock in whom I take refuge, my shield, and the horn of my salvation, my stronghold.

NKJV ©

The LORD is my rock and my fortress and my deliverer; My God, my strength, in whom I will trust; My shield and the horn of my salvation, my stronghold.


KJV
The LORD
<03068>
[is] my rock
<05553>_,
and my fortress
<04686>_,
and my deliverer
<06403> (8764)_;
my God
<0410>_,
my strength
<06697>_,
in whom I will trust
<02620> (8799)_;
my buckler
<04043>_,
and the horn
<07161>
of my salvation
<03468>_,
[and] my high tower
<04869>_.
{my strength: Heb. my rock}
NASB ©
The LORD
<03068>
is my rock
<05553>
and my fortress
<04686>
and my deliverer
<06403>
, My God
<0410>
, my rock
<06697>
, in whom I take
<02620>
refuge
<02620>
; My shield
<04043>
and the horn
<07161>
of my salvation
<03468>
, my stronghold
<04869>
.
HEBREW
ybgvm
<04869>
yesy
<03468>
Nrqw
<07161>
yngm
<04043>
wb
<0>
hoxa
<02620>
yrwu
<06697>
yla
<0410>
yjlpmw
<06403>
ytdwumw
<04686>
yelo
<05553>
hwhy
<03068>
(18:2)
<18:3>
LXXM
(17:3) kuriov
<2962
N-NSM
sterewma
<4733
N-NSN
mou
<1473
P-GS
kai
<2532
CONJ
katafugh {N-NSF} mou
<1473
P-GS
kai
<2532
CONJ
rusthv {N-NSM} mou
<1473
P-GS
o
<3588
T-NSM
yeov
<2316
N-NSM
mou
<1473
P-GS
bohyov
<998
N-NSM
mou
<1473
P-GS
kai
<2532
CONJ
elpiw
<1679
V-FAI-1S
ep
<1909
PREP
auton
<846
D-ASM
uperaspisthv {N-NSM} mou
<1473
P-GS
kai
<2532
CONJ
kerav
<2768
N-NSN
swthriav
<4991
N-GSF
mou
<1473
P-GS
antilhmptwr {N-NSM} mou
<1473
P-GS
NET © [draft] ITL
The Lord
<03068>
is my high ridge
<05553>
, my stronghold
<04686>
, my deliverer
<06403>
. My God
<0410>
is my rocky
<06697>
summit where I take shelter
<02620>
, my shield
<04043>
, the horn
<07161>
that saves
<03468>
me, and my refuge
<04869>
.
NET ©

The Lord is my high ridge, 1  my stronghold, 2  my deliverer. My God is my rocky summit where 3  I take shelter, 4  my shield, the horn that saves me, 5  and my refuge. 6 

NET © Notes

sn My high ridge. This metaphor pictures God as a rocky, relatively inaccessible summit, where one would be able to find protection from enemies. See 1 Sam 23:25, 28.

sn My stronghold. David often found safety in such strongholds. See 1 Sam 22:4-5; 24:22; 2 Sam 5:9, 17; 23:14.

tn Or “in whom.”

sn Take shelter. “Taking shelter” in the Lord is an idiom for seeking his protection. Seeking his protection presupposes and even demonstrates the subject’s loyalty to the Lord. In the psalms those who “take shelter” in the Lord are contrasted with the wicked and equated with those who love, fear and serve the Lord (Pss 5:11-12; 31:17-20; 34:21-22).

tn Heb “the horn of my salvation”; or “my saving horn.”

sn Though some see “horn” as referring to a horn-shaped peak of a hill, or to the “horns” of an altar where one could find refuge, it is more likely that the horn of an ox underlies the metaphor (cf. Deut 33:17; 1 Kgs 22:11; Ps 92:10). The horn of the wild ox is frequently a metaphor for military strength; the idiom “exalt the horn” signifies military victory (see 1 Sam 2:10; Pss 89:17, 24; 92:10; Lam 2:17). In the ancient Near East powerful warrior-kings would sometimes compare themselves to a goring bull that uses its horns to kill its enemies. For examples, see P. Miller, “El the Warrior,” HTR 60 (1967): 422-25, and R. B. Chisholm, “An Exegetical and Theological Study of Psalm 18/2 Samuel 22” (Th.D. diss., Dallas Theological Seminary, 1983), 135-36. Ps 18:2 uses the metaphor of the horn in a slightly different manner. Here the Lord himself is compared to a horn. He is to the psalmist what the horn is to the ox, a source of defense and victory.

tn Or “my elevated place.” The parallel version of this psalm in 2 Sam 22:3 adds at this point, “my refuge, my savior, [you who] save me from violence.”



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