Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Psalms 18:15

Context
NET ©

The depths 1  of the sea 2  were exposed; the inner regions 3  of the world were uncovered by 4  your battle cry, 5  Lord, by the powerful breath from your nose. 6 

NIV ©

The valleys of the sea were exposed and the foundations of the earth laid bare at your rebuke, O LORD, at the blast of breath from your nostrils.

NASB ©

Then the channels of water appeared, And the foundations of the world were laid bare At Your rebuke, O LORD, At the blast of the breath of Your nostrils.

NLT ©

Then at your command, O LORD, at the blast of your breath, the bottom of the sea could be seen, and the foundations of the earth were laid bare.

MSG ©

The secret sources of ocean are exposed, the hidden depths of earth lie uncovered The moment you roar in protest, let loose your hurricane anger.

BBE ©

Then the deep beds of the waters were seen, and the bases of the world were uncovered, because of your words of wrath, O Lord, because of the breath from your mouth.

NRSV ©

Then the channels of the sea were seen, and the foundations of the world were laid bare at your rebuke, O LORD, at the blast of the breath of your nostrils.

NKJV ©

Then the channels of the sea were seen, The foundations of the world were uncovered At Your rebuke, O LORD, At the blast of the breath of Your nostrils.


KJV
Then the channels
<0650>
of waters
<04325>
were seen
<07200> (8735)_,
and the foundations
<04146>
of the world
<08398>
were discovered
<01540> (8735)
at thy rebuke
<01606>_,
O LORD
<03068>_,
at the blast
<05397>
of the breath
<07307>
of thy nostrils
<0639>_.
NASB ©
Then the channels
<0650>
of water
<04325>
appeared
<07200>
, And the foundations
<04144>
of the world
<08398>
were laid
<01540>
bare
<01540>
At Your rebuke
<01606>
, O LORD
<03068>
, At the blast
<05397>
of the breath
<07307>
of Your nostrils
<0639>
.
HEBREW
Kpa
<0639>
xwr
<07307>
tmsnm
<05397>
hwhy
<03068>
Ktregm
<01606>
lbt
<08398>
twdowm
<04146>
wlgyw
<01540>
Mym
<04325>
yqypa
<0650>
waryw
<07200>
(18:15)
<18:16>
LXXM
(17:16) kai
<2532
CONJ
wfyhsan
<3708
V-API-3P
ai
<3588
T-NPF
phgai
<4077
N-NPF
twn
<3588
T-GPN
udatwn
<5204
N-GPN
kai
<2532
CONJ
anekalufyh
<343
V-API-3S
ta
<3588
T-APN
yemelia {N-APN} thv
<3588
T-GSF
oikoumenhv
<3611
V-PMPGS
apo
<575
PREP
epitimhsewv {N-GSF} sou
<4771
P-GS
kurie
<2962
N-VSM
apo
<575
PREP
empneusewv {N-GSF} pneumatov
<4151
N-GSN
orghv
<3709
N-GSF
sou
<4771
P-GS
NET © [draft] ITL
The depths
<0650>
of the sea were exposed
<01540>
; the inner regions
<04146>
of the world
<08398>
were uncovered by
<01606>
your battle cry
<01606>
, Lord
<03068>
, by
<01606>
the powerful breath
<05397>
from your nose
<0639>
.
NET ©

The depths 1  of the sea 2  were exposed; the inner regions 3  of the world were uncovered by 4  your battle cry, 5  Lord, by the powerful breath from your nose. 6 

NET © Notes

tn Or “channels.”

tc Ps 18:15 reads “water” (cf. Ps 42:1); “sea” is the reading of 2 Sam 22:16.

tn Or “foundations.”

tn Heb “from.” The preposition has a causal sense here.

tn The noun is derived from the verb גָּעַר (gaar), which is often understood to mean “rebuke.” In some cases it is apparent that scolding or threatening is in view (see Gen 37:10; Ruth 2:16; Zech 3:2). However, in militaristic contexts this translation is inadequate, for the verb refers in this setting to the warrior’s battle cry, which terrifies and paralyzes the enemy. See A. Caquot, TDOT 3:53, and note the use of the verb in Pss 68:30; 106:9; and Nah 1:4, as well as the related noun in Job 26:11; Pss 9:5; 76:6; 104:7; Isa 50:2; 51:20; 66:15.

tn 2 Sam 22:16 reads “by the battle cry of the Lord, by the blast of the breath of his nose.” The phrase “blast of the breath” (Heb “breath of breath”) employs an appositional genitive. Synonyms are joined in a construct relationship to emphasize the single idea. For a detailed discussion of the grammatical point with numerous examples, see Y. Avishur, “Pairs of Synonymous Words in the Construct State (and in Appositional Hendiadys) in Biblical Hebrew,” Semitics 2 (1971): 17-81.



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