Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Psalms 127:1

Context
NET ©

A song of ascents, 2  by Solomon. If the Lord does not build a house, 3  then those who build it work in vain. If the Lord does not guard a city, 4  then the watchman stands guard in vain.

NIV ©

A song of ascents. Of Solomon. Unless the LORD builds the house, its builders labour in vain. Unless the LORD watches over the city, the watchmen stand guard in vain.

NASB ©

<<A Song of Ascents, of Solomon.>> Unless the LORD builds the house, They labor in vain who build it; Unless the LORD guards the city, The watchman keeps awake in vain.

NLT ©

<<A song for the ascent to Jerusalem. A psalm of Solomon.>> Unless the LORD builds a house, the work of the builders is useless. Unless the LORD protects a city, guarding it with sentries will do no good.

MSG ©

If GOD doesn't build the house, the builders only build shacks. If GOD doesn't guard the city, the night watchman might as well nap.

BBE ©

<A Song of the going up. Of Solomon.> If the Lord is not helping the builders, then the building of a house is to no purpose: if the Lord does not keep the town, the watchman keeps his watch for nothing.

NRSV ©

Unless the LORD builds the house, those who build it labor in vain. Unless the LORD guards the city, the guard keeps watch in vain.

NKJV ©

<<A Song of Ascents. Of Solomon.>> Unless the LORD builds the house, They labor in vain who build it; Unless the LORD guards the city, The watchman stays awake in vain.


KJV
<<A Song
<07892>
of degrees
<04609>
for Solomon
<08010>.>>
Except the LORD
<03068>
build
<01129> (8799)
the house
<01004>_,
they labour
<05998> (8804)
in vain
<07723>
that build
<01129> (8802)
it: except the LORD
<03068>
keep
<08104> (8799)
the city
<05892>_,
the watchman
<08104> (8802)
waketh
<08245> (8804)
[but] in vain
<07723>_.
{for...: or, of Solomon} {that...: Heb. that are builders of it in it}
NASB ©
A Song of Ascents, of Solomon. Unless
<0518>
<3808> the LORD
<03068>
builds
<01129>
the house
<01004>
, They labor
<05998>
in vain
<07723>
who build
<01129>
it; Unless
<0518>
<3808> the LORD
<03068>
guards
<08104>
the city
<05892>
, The watchman
<08104>
keeps
<08245>
awake
<08245>
in vain
<07723>
.
HEBREW
rmws
<08104>
dqs
<08245>
aws
<07723>
rye
<05892>
rmsy
<08104>
al
<03808>
hwhy
<03068>
Ma
<0518>
wb
<0>
wynwb
<01129>
wlme
<05998>
aws
<07723>
tyb
<01004>
hnby
<01129>
al
<03808>
hwhy
<03068>
Ma
<0518>
hmlsl
<08010>
twlemh
<04609>
rys (127:1)
<07892>
LXXM
(126:1) wdh
<3592
N-NSF
twn
<3588
T-GPM
anabaymwn
<304
N-GPM
tw
<3588
T-DSM
salwmwn {N-PRI} ean
<1437
CONJ
mh
<3165
ADV
kuriov
<2962
N-NSM
oikodomhsh
<3618
V-AAS-3S
oikon
<3624
N-ASM
eiv
<1519
PREP
mathn
<3155
ADV
ekopiasan
<2872
V-AAI-3P
oi
<3588
T-NPM
oikodomountev
<3618
V-PAPNP
auton
<846
P-ASM
ean
<1437
CONJ
mh
<3165
ADV
kuriov
<2962
N-NSM
fulaxh
<5442
V-AAS-3S
polin
<4172
N-ASF
eiv
<1519
PREP
mathn
<3155
ADV
hgrupnhsen
<69
V-AAI-3S
o
<3588
T-NSM
fulasswn
<5442
V-PAPNS
NET © [draft] ITL
A song
<07892>
of ascents
<04609>
, by Solomon
<08010>
. If
<0518>
the Lord
<03068>
does not
<03808>
build
<01129>
a house
<01004>
, then those who build
<01129>
it work
<05998>
in vain
<07723>
. If
<0518>
the Lord
<03068>
does not
<03808>
guard
<08104>
a city
<05892>
, then the watchman
<08104>
stands guard
<08245>
in vain
<07723>
.
NET ©

A song of ascents, 2  by Solomon. If the Lord does not build a house, 3  then those who build it work in vain. If the Lord does not guard a city, 4  then the watchman stands guard in vain.

NET © Notes

sn Psalm 127. In this wisdom psalm the psalmist teaches that one does not find security by one’s own efforts, for God alone gives stability and security.

sn The precise significance of this title, which appears in Pss 120-134, is unclear. Perhaps worshipers recited these psalms when they ascended the road to Jerusalem to celebrate annual religious festivals. For a discussion of their background see L. C. Allen, Psalms 101-150 (WBC), 219-21.

sn The expression build a house may have a double meaning here. It may refer on the surface level to a literal physical structure in which a family lives, but at a deeper, metaphorical level it refers to building, perpetuating, and maintaining a family line. See Deut 25:9; Ruth 4:11; 1 Sam 2:35; 2 Sam 7:27; 1 Kgs 11:38; 1 Chr 17:10, 25. Having a family line provided security in ancient Israel.

sn The city symbolizes community security, which is the necessary framework for family security.



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