Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Proverbs 9:12

Context
NETBible

If you are wise, you are wise to your own advantage, 1  but if you are a mocker, 2  you alone must 3  bear it. 4 

XREF

Job 22:2,3,21; Job 35:6,7; Pr 16:26; Isa 28:22; Eze 18:20; 2Pe 3:3,4,16

NET © Notes

tn The text simply has the preposition לְ (lamed) with a suffix; but this will be the use of the preposition classified as “interest,” either for advantage or disadvantage (R. J. Williams, Hebrew Syntax, 48-49, §271).

tn The perfect tense is here in a conditional clause because of the conjunction following the first colon of the verse that begins with “if.” The perfect tense then lays down the antithetical condition – “if you mock,” or “if you are a mocker.”

tn The use of the imperfect tense here could be the simple future tense (cf. NASB, NRSV “you…will bear it”), but the obligatory nuance is more appropriate – “you must bear it.” These words anticipate James’ warnings that the words we speak will haunt us through life (e.g., James 3:1-12).

tc The LXX has an addition: “Forsake folly, that you may reign forever; and seek discretion and direct understanding in knowledge.”



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