Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Proverbs 4:16

Context
NET ©

For they cannot sleep unless they cause harm; 1  they are robbed of sleep 2  until they make someone stumble. 3 

NIV ©

For they cannot sleep till they do evil; they are robbed of slumber till they make someone fall.

NASB ©

For they cannot sleep unless they do evil; And they are robbed of sleep unless they make someone stumble.

NLT ©

for evil people cannot sleep until they have done their evil deed for the day. They cannot rest unless they have caused someone to stumble.

MSG ©

Evil people are restless unless they're making trouble; They can't get a good night's sleep unless they've made life miserable for somebody.

BBE ©

For they take no rest till they have done evil; their sleep is taken away if they have not been the cause of someone’s fall.

NRSV ©

For they cannot sleep unless they have done wrong; they are robbed of sleep unless they have made someone stumble.

NKJV ©

For they do not sleep unless they have done evil; And their sleep is taken away unless they make someone fall.


KJV
For they sleep
<03462> (8799)
not, except they have done mischief
<07489> (8686)_;
and their sleep
<08142>
is taken away
<01497> (8738)_,
unless they cause [some] to fall
<03782> (8686) (8675) <03782> (8799)_.
NASB ©
For they cannot
<03808>
sleep
<03462>
unless
<0518>
<3808> they do
<07489>
evil
<07489>
; And they are robbed
<01497>
of sleep
<08142>
unless
<0518>
<3808> they make someone stumble
<03782>
.
HEBREW
*wlysky {wlwsky}
<03782>
al
<03808>
Ma
<0518>
Mtns
<08142>
hlzgnw
<01497>
wery
<07489>
al
<03808>
Ma
<0518>
wnsy
<03462>
al
<03808>
yk (4:16)
<03588>
LXXM
ou
<3364
ADV
gar
<1063
PRT
mh
<3165
ADV
upnwswsin {V-AAS-3P} ean
<1437
CONJ
mh
<3165
ADV
kakopoihswsin
<2554
V-AAS-3P
afhrhtai {V-RPI-3S} o
<3588
T-NSM
upnov
<5258
N-NSM
autwn
<846
D-GPM
kai
<2532
CONJ
ou
<3364
ADV
koimwntai
<2837
V-PMI-3P
NET © [draft] ITL
For
<03588>
they cannot
<03808>
sleep
<03462>
unless
<0518>
they cause harm
<07489>
; they are robbed
<01497>
of sleep
<08142>
until they make someone
<0518>
stumble
<03782>
.
NET ©

For they cannot sleep unless they cause harm; 1  they are robbed of sleep 2  until they make someone stumble. 3 

NET © Notes

sn The verb is רָעַע (raa’), which means “to do evil; to harm.” The verse is using the figure of hyperbole to stress the preoccupation of some people with causing trouble. R. L. Alden says, “How sick to find peace only at the price of another man’s misfortune” (Proverbs, 47).

sn Heb “their sleep is robbed/seized”; these expressions are metonymical for their restlessness in plotting evil.

sn The Hiphil imperfect (Kethib) means “cause to stumble.” This idiom (from hypocatastasis) means “bring injury/ruin to someone” (BDB 505-6 s.v. כָּשַׁל Hiph.1).



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