Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Proverbs 31:4

Context
NETBible

It is not for kings, 1  O Lemuel, it is not for kings to drink wine, 2  or for rulers to crave strong drink, 3 

XREF

Le 10:9,10; 1Ki 20:12,16-20; Es 3:15; Ec 10:17; Isa 28:7,8; Da 5:2-4; Ho 4:11,12; Ho 7:3-5; Hab 2:5; Mr 6:21-28

NET © Notes

tn Heb “[It is] not for kings.”

sn This second warning for kings concerns the use of alcohol. If this passage is meant to prohibit any use of alcohol by kings, it would be unheard of in any ancient royal court. What is probably meant is an excessive and unwarranted use of alcohol, or a troubling need for it, so that the meaning is “to drink wine in excess” (cf. NLT “to guzzle wine”; CEV “should not get drunk”). The danger, of course, would be that excessive use of alcohol would cloud the mind and deprive a king of true administrative ability and justice.

tn The MT has אֵו (’ev), a Kethib/Qere reading. The Kethib is אוֹ (’o) but the Qere is אֵי (’ey). Some follow the Qere and take the word as a shortened form of וַֹיֵּה, “where?” This would mean the ruler would be always asking for drink (cf. ASV). Others reconstruct to אַוֵּה (’avveh, “to desire; to crave”). In either case, the verse would be saying that a king is not to be wanting/seeking alcohol.

tn Here “strong drink” probably refers to barley beer (cf. NIV, NCV “beer”).



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