Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Proverbs 31:1

Context
NET ©

The words of King Lemuel, 1  an oracle 2  that his mother taught him:

NIV ©

The sayings of King Lemuel—an oracle his mother taught him:

NASB ©

The words of King Lemuel, the oracle which his mother taught him:

NLT ©

These are the sayings of King Lemuel, an oracle that his mother taught him.

MSG ©

The words of King Lemuel, the strong advice his mother gave him:

BBE ©

The words of Lemuel, king of Massa: the teaching which he had from his mother.

NRSV ©

The words of King Lemuel. An oracle that his mother taught him:

NKJV ©

The words of King Lemuel, the utterance which his mother taught him:


KJV
The words
<01697>
of king
<04428>
Lemuel
<03927>_,
the prophecy
<04853>
that his mother
<0517>
taught
<03256> (8765)
him.
NASB ©
The words
<01697>
of King
<04428>
Lemuel
<03927>
, the oracle
<04853>
which
<0834>
his mother
<0517>
taught
<03256>
him:
HEBREW
wma
<0517>
wtroy
<03256>
rsa
<0834>
avm
<04853>
Klm
<04428>
lawml
<03927>
yrbd (31:1)
<01697>
LXXM
oi
<3588
T-NPM
emoi
<1473
P-DS
logoi
<3056
N-NPM
eirhntai {V-RMI-3P} upo
<5259
PREP
yeou
<2316
N-GSM
basilewv
<935
N-GSM
crhmatismov
<5538
N-NSM
on
<3739
R-ASM
epaideusen
<3811
V-AAI-3S
h
<3588
T-NSF
mhthr
<3384
N-NSF
autou
<846
D-GSM
NET © [draft] ITL
The words
<01697>
of King
<04428>
Lemuel
<03927>
, an oracle
<04853>
that
<0834>
his mother
<0517>
taught
<03256>
him:
NET ©

The words of King Lemuel, 1  an oracle 2  that his mother taught him:

NET © Notes

sn Nothing else is known about King Lemuel aside from this mention in the book of Proverbs. Jewish legend identifies him as Solomon, making this advice from his mother Bathsheba; but there is no evidence for that. The passage is the only direct address to a king in the book of Proverbs – something that was the norm in wisdom literature of the ancient world (Leah L. Brunner, “King and Commoner in Proverbs and Near Eastern Sources,” Dor le Dor 10 [1982]: 210-19; Brunner argues that the advice is religious and not secular).

tn Some English versions take the Hebrew noun translated “oracle” here as a place name specifying the kingdom of King Lemuel; cf. NAB “king of Massa”; CEV “King Lemuel of Massa.”



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