Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Proverbs 3:34


Although 1  he is scornful to arrogant scoffers, 2  yet 3  he shows favor to the humble. 4 


Ps 138:6; Pr 9:7,8,12; Pr 19:29; Pr 21:24; Isa 57:15; Jas 4:6; 1Pe 5:5

NET © Notes

tn The particle אִם (’im, “though”) introduces a concessive clause: “though….”

tn Heb “he mocks those who mock.” The repetition of the root לִיץ (lits, “to scorn; to mock”) connotes poetic justice; the punishment fits the crime. Scoffers are characterized by arrogant pride (e.g., Prov 21:24), as the antithetical parallelism with “the humble” here emphasizes.

tn The prefixed vav (ו) introduces the apodosis to the concessive clause: “Though … yet …”

tn The Hebrew is structured chiastically (AB:BA): “he scorns / arrogant scoffers // but to the humble / he gives grace.” The word order in the translation is reversed for the sake of smoothness and readability.

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