Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Proverbs 23:28

Context
NET ©

Indeed, she lies in wait like a robber, 1  and increases the unfaithful 2  among men. 3 

NIV ©

Like a bandit she lies in wait, and multiplies the unfaithful among men.

NASB ©

Surely she lurks as a robber, And increases the faithless among men.

NLT ©

She hides and waits like a robber, looking for another victim who will be unfaithful to his wife.

MSG ©

She'll take you for all you've got; she's worse than a pack of thieves.

BBE ©

Yes, she is waiting secretly like a beast for its food, and deceit by her is increased among men.

NRSV ©

She lies in wait like a robber and increases the number of the faithless.

NKJV ©

She also lies in wait as for a victim, And increases the unfaithful among men.


KJV
She also lieth in wait
<0693> (8799)
as [for] a prey
<02863>_,
and increaseth
<03254> (8686)
the transgressors
<0898> (8802)
among men
<0120>_.
{as for...: or, as a robber}
NASB ©
Surely
<0637>
she lurks
<0693>
as a robber
<02863>
, And increases
<03254>
the faithless
<0898>
among men
<0120>
.
HEBREW
Powt
<03254>
Mdab
<0120>
Mydgwbw
<0898>
brat
<0693>
Ptxk
<02863>
ayh
<01931>
Pa (23:28)
<0637>
LXXM
outov
<3778
D-NSM
gar
<1063
PRT
suntomwv
<4935
ADV
apoleitai {V-FMI-3S} kai
<2532
CONJ
pav
<3956
A-NSM
paranomov {A-NSM} analwyhsetai
<355
V-FPI-3S
NET © [draft] ITL
Indeed
<0637>
, she
<01931>
lies in wait
<0693>
like a robber
<02863>
, and increases
<03254>
the unfaithful
<0898>
among men
<0120>
.
NET ©

Indeed, she lies in wait like a robber, 1  and increases the unfaithful 2  among men. 3 

NET © Notes

tn The noun חֶתֶף (khetef) is defined by BDB 369 s.v. as “prey,” but this is the only occurrence of the word. The related verb BDB 368-69 s.v. חָתַף defines as “to seize; to snatch away” (with an Aramaic cognate meaning “to break in pieces” [Pa], and an Arabic word “death”). But the only occurrence of that word is in Job 9:12, where it is defined as “seizes.” So in this passage the noun could have either a passive sense (what is seized = prey), or an active sense (the one who seizes = a robber, bandit). The traditional rendering is “prey” (KJV); most modern English versions have the active sense (“robber” or similar; cf. NIV “like a bandit”). Since the prepositional phrase (the simile) is modifying the woman, the active sense works better in the translation.

tn The participle means “unfaithful [men]” (masculine plural); it could also be interpreted as “unfaithfulness” in the abstract sense. M. Dahood interprets it to mean “garments” (which would have to be repointed), saying that she collects garments in pledge for her service (M. Dahood, “To Pawn One’s Cloak,” Bib 42 [1961]: 359-66). But that is far-fetched; it might have happened on occasion, but as a common custom it is unlikely. Besides that, the text in the MT makes perfectly good sense without such a change.

sn Such a woman makes more people prove unfaithful to the law of God through her practice.

sn Verses 26-28 comprise the seventeenth saying; it warns the young person to follow the instructions about temptations because there are plenty of temptresses lurking about.



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