Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Proverbs 20:2

Context
NET ©

The king’s terrifying anger 1  is like the roar of a lion; whoever provokes him 2  sins against himself. 3 

NIV ©

A king’s wrath is like the roar of a lion; he who angers him forfeits his life.

NASB ©

The terror of a king is like the growling of a lion; He who provokes him to anger forfeits his own life.

NLT ©

The king’s fury is like a lion’s roar; to rouse his anger is to risk your life.

MSG ©

Quick-tempered leaders are like mad dogs--cross them and they bite your head off.

BBE ©

The wrath of a king is like the loud cry of a lion: he who makes him angry does wrong against himself.

NRSV ©

The dread anger of a king is like the growling of a lion; anyone who provokes him to anger forfeits life itself.

NKJV ©

The wrath of a king is like the roaring of a lion; Whoever provokes him to anger sins against his own life.


KJV
The fear
<0367>
of a king
<04428>
[is] as the roaring
<05099>
of a lion
<03715>_:
[whoso] provoketh him to anger
<05674> (8693)
sinneth
<02398> (8802)
[against] his own soul
<05315>_.
NASB ©
The terror
<0367>
of a king
<04428>
is like the growling
<05099>
of a lion
<03715>
; He who provokes
<05674>
him to anger
<05674>
forfeits
<02398>
his own life
<05315>
.
HEBREW
wspn
<05315>
ajwx
<02398>
wrbetm
<05674>
Klm
<04428>
tmya
<0367>
rypkk
<03715>
Mhn (20:2)
<05099>
LXXM
ou
<3364
ADV
diaferei
<1308
V-PAI-3S
apeilh
<547
N-NSF
basilewv
<935
N-GSM
yumou
<2372
N-GSM
leontov
<3023
N-GSM
o
<3588
T-NSM
de
<1161
PRT
paroxunwn
<3947
V-PAPNS
auton
<846
D-ASM
amartanei
<264
V-PAI-3S
eiv
<1519
PREP
thn
<3588
T-ASF
eautou
<1438
D-GSM
quchn
<5590
N-ASF
NET © [draft] ITL
The king’s
<04428>
terrifying
<0367>
anger is like the roar
<05099>
of a lion
<03715>
; whoever provokes
<05674>
him sins
<02398>
against himself
<05315>
.
NET ©

The king’s terrifying anger 1  is like the roar of a lion; whoever provokes him 2  sins against himself. 3 

NET © Notes

tn Heb “the terror of a king” (so ASV, NASB); The term “terror” is a metonymy of effect for cause: the anger of a king that causes terror among the people. The term “king” functions as a possessive genitive: “a king’s anger” (cf. NIV “A king’s wrath”; NLT “The king’s fury”).

tn The verb מִתְעַבְּרוֹ (mitabbÿro) is problematic; in the MT the form is the Hitpael participle with a pronominal suffix, which is unusual, for the direct object of this verb usually takes a preposition first: “is angry with.” The LXX rendered it “angers [or, irritates].”

sn The expression “sins against himself” has been taken by some to mean “forfeits his life” (so NAB, NASB, NIV, NRSV) or “endangers his life” (cf. NCV, NLT). That may be the implication of getting oneself in trouble with an angry king (cf. TEV “making him angry is suicide”).



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