Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Proverbs 15:13

Context
NET ©

A joyful heart 1  makes the face cheerful, 2  but by a painful heart the spirit is broken.

NIV ©

A happy heart makes the face cheerful, but heartache crushes the spirit.

NASB ©

A joyful heart makes a cheerful face, But when the heart is sad, the spirit is broken.

NLT ©

A glad heart makes a happy face; a broken heart crushes the spirit.

MSG ©

A cheerful heart brings a smile to your face; a sad heart makes it hard to get through the day.

BBE ©

A glad heart makes a shining face, but by the sorrow of the heart the spirit is broken.

NRSV ©

A glad heart makes a cheerful countenance, but by sorrow of heart the spirit is broken.

NKJV ©

A merry heart makes a cheerful countenance, But by sorrow of the heart the spirit is broken.


KJV
A merry
<08056>
heart
<03820>
maketh a cheerful
<03190> (8686)
countenance
<06440>_:
but by sorrow
<06094>
of the heart
<03820>
the spirit
<07307>
is broken
<05218>_.
NASB ©
A joyful
<08056>
heart
<03820>
makes
<03190>
a cheerful
<03190>
face
<06440>
, But when the heart
<03820>
is sad
<06094>
, the spirit
<07307>
is broken
<05218>
.
HEBREW
hakn
<05218>
xwr
<07307>
bl
<03820>
tbuebw
<06094>
Mynp
<06440>
bjyy
<03190>
xmv
<08056>
bl (15:13)
<03820>
LXXM
kardiav
<2588
N-GSF
eufrainomenhv
<2165
V-PMPGS
proswpon
<4383
N-NSN
yallei {V-PAI-3S} en
<1722
PREP
de
<1161
PRT
lupaiv
<3077
N-DPF
oushv
<1510
V-PAPGS
skuyrwpazei {V-PAI-3S}
NET © [draft] ITL
A joyful
<06094>
heart
<03820>
makes the face
<06440>
cheerful
<03190>
, but by a painful
<06094>
heart
<03820>
the spirit
<07307>
is broken
<05218>
.
NET ©

A joyful heart 1  makes the face cheerful, 2  but by a painful heart the spirit is broken.

NET © Notes

tn The contrast in this proverb is between the “joyful heart” (Heb “a heart of joy,” using an attributive genitive) and the “painful heart” (Heb “pain of the heart,” using a genitive of specification).

sn The verb יֵיטִב (yetiv) normally means “to make good,” but here “to make the face good,” that is, there is a healthy, favorable, uplifted expression. The antithesis is the pained heart that crushes the spirit. C. H. Toy observes that a broken spirit is expressed by a sad face, while a cheerful face shows a courageous spirit (Proverbs [ICC], 308).



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