Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Proverbs 13:2

Context
NETBible

From the fruit of his speech 1  a person eats good things, 2  but the faithless 3  desire 4  the fruit of violence. 5 

XREF

Ps 75:8; Ps 140:11; Pr 1:11-13,18,31; Pr 4:17; Pr 10:11; Pr 12:14; Pr 18:20; Jer 25:27-31; Hab 2:8,17; Re 16:6

NET © Notes

tn Heb “lips” (so NIV); KJV “mouth.” The term “lips” is a metonymy of cause for what the lips produce: speech.

tn Heb “he eats [what is] good.”

tn Heb “the desire of the faithless.” The noun “faithless” is a subjective genitive: “the faithless desire….”

tn The noun נֶפֶשׁ (nefesh, traditionally “soul”) has a broad range of meanings, and here denotes “appetite” (e.g., Ps 17:9; Prov 23:3; Eccl 2:24; Isa 5:14; Hab 2:5; BDB 660 s.v. 5.c) or (2) “desire” (e.g., Deut 12:20; Prov 13:4; 19:8; 21:10; BDB 660 s.v. 6.a).

tn Heb “violence.” The phrase “the fruit of” does not appear in the Hebrew but is implied by the parallelism. The term “violence” is probably a metonymy of cause: “violence” represents what violence gains – ill-gotten gains resulting from violent crime. The wicked desire what does not belong to them.

tc The LXX reads “the souls of the wicked perish untimely.” The MT makes sense as it stands.



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