Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Proverbs 10:3

Context
NETBible

The Lord satisfies 1  the appetite 2  of the righteous, but he thwarts 3  the craving 4  of the wicked.

XREF

Job 5:20; Job 20:5-8,20-22,28; Ps 10:14; Ps 33:19; Ps 34:9,10; Ps 37:3,19,25; Pr 14:32; Isa 33:16; Hab 2:6-8; Zep 1:18; Mt 6:30-33; Lu 12:22-24,31; Heb 13:5,6

NET © Notes

tn Heb “does not allow…to go hungry.” The expression “The Lord does not allow the appetite of the righteous to go hungry” is an example of tapeinosis – a figurative expression stated in the negative to emphasize the positive: The Lord satisfies the appetite of the righteous.

tn The term נֶפֶשׁ (nefesh) means “soul” but its root meaning is “throat” and it has a broad range of meanings; here it denotes “appetite” (BDB 660 s.v. 5.a; see, e.g., Pss 63:6; 107:9; Prov 27:7; Isa 56:11; 58:10; Jer 50:19; Ezek 7:19). The term could denote “desire” (BDB 660 s.v. 6.a) which would include the inner urge for success. By contrast, the wicked live unfulfilled lives – as far as spiritual values are concerned.

tn Heb “thrusts away” (cf. ASV, NASB); NLT “refuses to satisfy.” The verb הָדַף (hadaf) means “to thrust away; to push; to drive,” either to depose or reject (BDB 213 s.v.).

tn This verse contrasts the “appetite” of the righteous with the “craving” of the wicked. This word הַוַּה (havvah, “craving”) means “desire” often in a bad sense, as ‘the desire of the wicked,” which could not be wholesome (Ps 52:9).



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