Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Proverbs 10:16


The reward 1  which the righteous receive 2  is life; the recompense 3  which the wicked receive 4  is judgment. 5 


Pr 11:30; Isa 3:10,11; Mt 7:17,18; Mt 12:33,34; Mt 15:19; Joh 6:27; Ro 6:23; 1Co 15:58; Ga 6:7-9; 2Ti 2:17,18; 2Ti 3:13; Heb 6:10

NET © Notes

tn Heb “recompense” (so NAB); NASB, NIV “wages.” The noun פְּעֻלַּה (pÿullah) has a two-fold range of meanings: (1) “work; deed” and (2) “reward; recompense” (BDB 821 s.v.). There is a clear correlation between a person’s conduct and its consequences. Rewards are determined by moral choices. What one receives in life depends on the use of gifts and a righteous character.

tn Heb “the recompense of the righteous.”

tn Heb “harvest.” The term תְּבוּאַת (tÿvuat, “harvest; yield”) is used figuratively here (hypocatastasis), drawing an implied comparison between the agricultural yield of a farmer’s labors with the consequences of the actions of the wicked. They will “reap” (= judgment) what they “sow” (= sin).

tn Heb “the harvest of the wicked.”

tn Heb “sin.” The term חַטָּאת (khattat, “sin”) functions as a metonymy of cause (= sin) for effect (= punishment). In contrast to the righteous who receive a reward, the wicked receive punishment for their sin (cf. NASB, NIV, NCV). See D. W. Thomas, “The Meaning of חַטָּאת in Proverbs X.16,” JTS 15 (1964): 295-96.

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