Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Proverbs 1:11

Context
NETBible

If they say, “Come with us! We will 1  lie in wait 2  to shed blood; 3  we will ambush 4  an innocent person 5  capriciously. 6 

XREF

Ps 10:8-10; Ps 17:12; Ps 35:7; Ps 56:6; Ps 64:5,6; Pr 1:16; Pr 1:18; Pr 12:6; Pr 30:14; Jer 5:26; Jer 11:19; Jer 18:18-20; Mic 7:2; Mt 26:3,4; Joh 15:25; Ac 23:15; Ac 25:3

NET © Notes

tn This cohortative נֶאֶרְבָה (neervah) could denote resolve (“We will lie in wait!”) or exhortation (“Let us lie in wait!”). These sinners are either expressing their determination to carry out a violent plan or they are trying to entice the lad to participate with them.

tn The verb אָרַב (’arav, “to lie in wait”) it is used for planning murder (Deut 19:11), kidnapping (Judg 21:20), or seduction (Prov 23:28).

tn Heb “for blood.” The term דָּם (dam, “blood”) functions as a metonymy of effect for “blood shed violently” through murder (HALOT 224 s.v. 4).

tn Heb “lie in hiding.”

tn The term “innocent” (נָקִי, naqi) intimates that the person to be attacked is harmless.

tn Heb “without cause” (so KJV, NASB); NCV “just for fun.” The term חִנָּם (khinnam, “without cause”) emphasizes that the planned attack is completely unwarranted.



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