Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Philippians 3:9

Context
NETBible

and be found in him, not because I have my own righteousness derived from the law, but because I have the righteousness that comes by way of Christ’s faithfulness 1  – a righteousness from God that is in fact 2  based on Christ’s 3  faithfulness. 4 

XREF

Ge 7:23; De 19:3,4; De 27:26; 1Ki 8:46; 2Ch 32:25,31; Job 9:28-31; Job 10:14,15; Job 15:14-16; Job 42:5,6; Ps 14:3; Ps 19:12; Ps 71:15,16; Ps 130:3,4; Ps 143:2; Ec 7:20; Isa 6:5; Isa 45:24,25; Isa 46:13; Isa 53:6; Isa 53:11; Isa 64:5,6; Jer 23:6; Jer 33:16; Da 9:24; Mt 9:13; Lu 10:25-29; Joh 16:8-11; Ro 1:17; Ro 3:19,20; Ro 3:21,22; Ro 4:5,6,13; Ro 4:13-15; Ro 5:21; Ro 7:5-13; Ro 8:1; Ro 8:3; Ro 9:30; Ro 9:31,32; Ro 10:1-3,5; Ro 10:3,6,10; Ro 10:4,5; Ro 16:7; 1Co 1:30; 2Co 5:17; 2Co 5:21; Ga 2:16; Ga 3:10-13,21,22; Ga 3:11; Php 3:6; 2Ti 1:9; Tit 3:5; Heb 6:18; Jas 2:9-11; Jas 3:2; 1Pe 3:19,20; 2Pe 1:1; 1Jo 1:8-10; 1Jo 3:4

NET © Notes

tn Or “faith in Christ.” A decision is difficult here. Though traditionally translated “faith in Jesus Christ,” an increasing number of NT scholars are arguing that πίστις Χριστοῦ (pisti" Cristou) and similar phrases in Paul (here and in Rom 3:22, 26; Gal 2:16, 20; 3:22; Eph 3:12) involve a subjective genitive and mean “Christ’s faith” or “Christ’s faithfulness” (cf., e.g., G. Howard, “The ‘Faith of Christ’,” ExpTim 85 [1974]: 212-15; R. B. Hays, The Faith of Jesus Christ [SBLDS]; Morna D. Hooker, “Πίστις Χριστοῦ,” NTS 35 [1989]: 321-42). Noteworthy among the arguments for the subjective genitive view is that when πίστις takes a personal genitive it is almost never an objective genitive (cf. Matt 9:2, 22, 29; Mark 2:5; 5:34; 10:52; Luke 5:20; 7:50; 8:25, 48; 17:19; 18:42; 22:32; Rom 1:8; 12; 3:3; 4:5, 12, 16; 1 Cor 2:5; 15:14, 17; 2 Cor 10:15; Phil 2:17; Col 1:4; 2:5; 1 Thess 1:8; 3:2, 5, 10; 2 Thess 1:3; Titus 1:1; Phlm 6; 1 Pet 1:9, 21; 2 Pet 1:5). On the other hand, the objective genitive view has its adherents: A. Hultgren, “The Pistis Christou Formulations in Paul,” NovT 22 (1980): 248-63; J. D. G. Dunn, “Once More, ΠΙΣΤΙΣ ΧΡΙΣΤΟΥ,” SBL Seminar Papers, 1991, 730-44. Most commentaries on Romans and Galatians usually side with the objective view.

sn ExSyn 116, which notes that the grammar is not decisive, nevertheless suggests that “the faith/faithfulness of Christ is not a denial of faith in Christ as a Pauline concept (for the idea is expressed in many of the same contexts, only with the verb πιστεύω rather than the noun), but implies that the object of faith is a worthy object, for he himself is faithful.” Though Paul elsewhere teaches justification by faith, this presupposes that the object of our faith is reliable and worthy of such faith.

tn The words “in fact” are supplied because of English style, picking up the force of the Greek article with πίστει (pistei). See also the following note on the word “Christ’s.”

tn Grk “based on the faithfulness.” The article before πίστει (pistei) is taken as anaphoric, looking back to διὰ πίστεως Χριστοῦ (dia pistew" Cristou); hence, “Christ’s” is implied.

tn Or “based on faith.”



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