Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Numbers 9:15

Context
NET ©

1 On 2  the day that the tabernacle was set up, 3  the cloud 4  covered the tabernacle – the tent of the testimony 5  – and from evening until morning there was 6  a fiery appearance 7  over the tabernacle.

NIV ©

On the day the tabernacle, the Tent of the Testimony, was set up, the cloud covered it. From evening till morning the cloud above the tabernacle looked like fire.

NASB ©

Now on the day that the tabernacle was erected the cloud covered the tabernacle, the tent of the testimony, and in the evening it was like the appearance of fire over the tabernacle, until morning.

NLT ©

The Tabernacle was set up, and on that day the cloud covered it. Then from evening until morning the cloud over the Tabernacle appeared to be a pillar of fire.

MSG ©

The day The Dwelling was set up, the Cloud covered The Dwelling of the Tent of Testimony. From sunset until daybreak it was over The Dwelling. It looked like fire.

BBE ©

And on the day when the House was put up, the cloud came down on it, on the Tent of witness; and in the evening there was a light like fire over the House till the morning.

NRSV ©

On the day the tabernacle was set up, the cloud covered the tabernacle, the tent of the covenant; and from evening until morning it was over the tabernacle, having the appearance of fire.

NKJV ©

Now on the day that the tabernacle was raised up, the cloud covered the tabernacle, the tent of the Testimony; from evening until morning it was above the tabernacle like the appearance of fire.


KJV
And on the day
<03117>
that the tabernacle
<04908>
was reared up
<06965> (8687)
the cloud
<06051>
covered
<03680> (8765)
the tabernacle
<04908>_,
[namely], the tent
<0168>
of the testimony
<05715>_:
and at even
<06153>
there was upon the tabernacle
<04908>
as it were the appearance
<04758>
of fire
<0784>_,
until the morning
<01242>_.
NASB ©
Now on the day
<03117>
that the tabernacle
<04908>
was erected
<06965>
the cloud
<06051>
covered
<03680>
the tabernacle
<04908>
, the tent
<0168>
of the testimony
<05715>
, and in the evening
<06153>
it was like the appearance
<04758>
of fire
<0784>
over
<05921>
the tabernacle
<04908>
, until
<05704>
morning
<01242>
.
HEBREW
rqb
<01242>
de
<05704>
sa
<0784>
harmk
<04758>
Nksmh
<04908>
le
<05921>
hyhy
<01961>
brebw
<06153>
tdeh
<05715>
lhal
<0168>
Nksmh
<04908>
ta
<0853>
Nneh
<06051>
hok
<03680>
Nksmh
<04908>
ta
<0853>
Myqh
<06965>
Mwybw (9:15)
<03117>
LXXM
kai
<2532
CONJ
th
<3588
T-DSF
hmera
<2250
N-DSF
h
<3739
R-DSF
estayh
<2476
V-API-3S
h
<3588
T-NSF
skhnh
<4633
N-NSF
ekaluqen
<2572
V-AAI-3S
h
<3588
T-NSF
nefelh
<3507
N-NSF
thn
<3588
T-ASF
skhnhn
<4633
N-ASF
ton
<3588
T-ASM
oikon
<3624
N-ASM
tou
<3588
T-GSN
marturiou
<3142
N-GSN
kai
<2532
CONJ
to
<3588
T-ASN
esperav
<2073
N-GSF
hn
<1510
V-IAI-3S
epi
<1909
PREP
thv
<3588
T-GSF
skhnhv
<4633
N-GSF
wv
<3739
CONJ
eidov
<1491
N-NSN
purov
<4442
N-GSN
ewv
<2193
CONJ
prwi
<4404
ADV
NET © [draft] ITL
On the day
<03117>
that the tabernacle
<04908>
was set
<06965>
up, the
<0853>
cloud
<06051>
covered
<03680>
the
<0853>
tabernacle
<04908>
– the tent
<0168>
of the testimony
<05715>
– and from evening
<06153>
until
<05704>
morning
<01242>
there was a fiery
<0784>
appearance
<04758>
over
<05921>
the tabernacle
<04908>
.
NET ©

1 On 2  the day that the tabernacle was set up, 3  the cloud 4  covered the tabernacle – the tent of the testimony 5  – and from evening until morning there was 6  a fiery appearance 7  over the tabernacle.

NET © Notes

sn This section (Num 9:15-23) recapitulates the account in Exod 40:34 but also contains some additional detail about the cloud that signaled Israel’s journeys. Here again material from the book of Exodus is used to explain more of the laws for the camp in motion.

tn Heb “and/now on the day.”

tn The construction uses the temporal expression with the Hiphil infinitive construct followed by the object, the tabernacle. “On the day of the setting up of the tabernacle” leaves the subject unstated, and so the entire clause may be expressed in the passive voice.

sn The explanation and identification of this cloud has been a subject of much debate. Some commentators have concluded that it was identical with the cloud that led the Israelites away from Egypt and through the sea, but others have made a more compelling case that this is a different phenomenon (see ZPEB 4:796). A number of modern scholars see the description as a retrojection from later, perhaps Solomonic times (see G. H. Davies, IDB 3:817). Others have tried to connect it with Ugaritic terminology, but unconvincingly (see T. W. Mann, “The Pillar of Cloud in the Reed Sea Narrative,” JBL 90 [1971]: 15-30; G. E. Mendenhall, The Tenth Generation, 32-66, 209-13; and R. Good, “Cloud Messengers?” UF 10 [1978]: 436-37).

sn The cloud apparently was centered over the tent, over the spot of the ark of the covenant in the most holy place. It thereafter spread over the whole tabernacle.

tn The imperfect tense in this and the next line should be classified as a customary imperfect, stressing incomplete action but in the past time – something that used to happen, or would happen.

tn Heb “like the appearance of fire.”



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