Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Numbers 1:3

Context
NET ©

You and Aaron are to number 1  all in Israel who can serve in the army, 2  those who are 3  twenty years old or older, 4  by their divisions. 5 

NIV ©

You and Aaron are to number by their divisions all the men in Israel twenty years old or more who are able to serve in the army.

NASB ©

from twenty years old and upward, whoever is able to go out to war in Israel, you and Aaron shall number them by their armies.

NLT ©

twenty years old or older who are able to go to war. You and Aaron are to direct the project,

MSG ©

You and Aaron are to register, company by company, every man who is twenty years and older who is able to fight in the army.

BBE ©

All those of twenty years old and over, who are able to go to war in Israel, are to be numbered by you and Aaron.

NRSV ©

from twenty years old and upward, everyone in Israel able to go to war. You and Aaron shall enroll them, company by company.

NKJV ©

"from twenty years old and above––all who are able to go to war in Israel. You and Aaron shall number them by their armies.


KJV
From twenty
<06242>
years
<08141>
old
<01121>
and upward
<04605>_,
all that are able to go forth
<03318> (8802)
to war
<06635>
in Israel
<03478>_:
thou and Aaron
<0175>
shall number
<06485> (8799)
them by their armies
<06635>_.
NASB ©
from twenty
<06242>
years
<08141>
old
<01121>
and upward
<04605>
, whoever
<03605>
is able to go
<03318>
out to war
<06635>
in Israel
<03478>
, you and Aaron
<0175>
shall number
<06485>
them by their armies
<06635>
.
HEBREW
Nrhaw
<0175>
hta
<0859>
Mtabul
<06635>
Mta
<0853>
wdqpt
<06485>
larvyb
<03478>
abu
<06635>
auy
<03318>
lk
<03605>
hlemw
<04605>
hns
<08141>
Myrve
<06242>
Nbm (1:3)
<01121>
LXXM
apo
<575
PREP
eikosaetouv {A-GSM} kai
<2532
CONJ
epanw
<1883
ADV
pav
<3956
A-NSM
o
<3588
T-NSM
ekporeuomenov
<1607
V-PMPNS
en
<1722
PREP
dunamei
<1411
N-DSF
israhl
<2474
N-PRI
episkeqasye {V-AMD-2P} autouv
<846
D-APM
sun
<4862
PREP
dunamei
<1411
N-DSF
autwn
<846
D-GPM
su
<4771
P-NS
kai
<2532
CONJ
aarwn
<2
N-PRI
episkeqasye {V-AMD-2P} autouv
<846
D-APM
NET © [draft] ITL
You
<0859>
and Aaron
<0175>
are to number
<06485>
all
<03605>
in Israel
<03478>
who can serve
<03318>
in the army
<06635>
, those who are
<0859>
twenty
<06242>
years
<08141>
old or older
<04605>
, by their divisions
<06635>
.
NET ©

You and Aaron are to number 1  all in Israel who can serve in the army, 2  those who are 3  twenty years old or older, 4  by their divisions. 5 

NET © Notes

tn The verb (פָּקַד, paqad) means “to visit, appoint, muster, number.” The word is a common one in scripture. It has as its basic meaning the idea of “determining the destiny” of someone, by appointing, mustering, or visiting. When God “visits,” it is a divine intervention for either blessing or cursing. Here it is the taking of a census for war (see G. André, Determining the Destiny [ConBOT], 16).

tn The construction uses the participle “going out” followed by the noun “army.” It describes everyone “going out in a military group,” meaning serving in the army. It was the duty of every able-bodied Israelite to serve in this “peoples” army. There were probably exemptions for the infirm or the crippled, but every male over twenty was chosen. For a discussion of warfare, see P. C. Craigie, The Problem of War in the Old Testament, and P. D. Miller, “The Divine Council and the Prophetic Call to War,” VT 18 (1968): 100-107.

tn The text simply has “from twenty years old and higher.”

tn Heb “and up.”

tn The noun (צָבָא, tsava’) means “army” or “military group.” But the word can also be used for nonmilitary divisions of labor (Num 4:3).



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