Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Nahum 3:9

Context
NET ©

Cush 1  and Egypt had limitless strength; 2  Put and the Libyans 3  were among 4  her 5  allies. 6 

NIV ©

Cush and Egypt were her boundless strength; Put and Libya were among her allies.

NASB ©

Ethiopia was her might, And Egypt too, without limits. Put and Lubim were among her helpers.

NLT ©

Ethiopia and the land of Egypt were the source of her strength, which seemed without limit. The nations of Put and Libya also helped and supported her.

MSG ©

Ethiopia stood guard to the south, Egypt to the north. Put and Libya, strong friends, were ready to step in and help.

BBE ©

Ethiopia was her strength and Egyptians without number; Put and Lubim were her helpers.

NRSV ©

Ethiopia was her strength, Egypt too, and that without limit; Put and the Libyans were her helpers.

NKJV ©

Ethiopia and Egypt were her strength, And it was boundless; Put and Lubim were your helpers.


KJV
Ethiopia
<03568>
and Egypt
<04714>
[were] her strength
<06109>_,
and [it was] infinite
<0369> <07097>_;
Put
<06316>
and Lubim
<03864>
were thy helpers
<05833>_.
{thy helpers: Heb. in thy help}
NASB ©
Ethiopia
<03568>
was her might
<06109>
, And Egypt
<04714>
too, without
<0369>
limits
<07097>
. Put
<06316>
and Lubim
<03864>
were among her helpers
<05833>
.
HEBREW
Ktrzeb
<05833>
wyh
<01961>
Mybwlw
<03864>
jwp
<06316>
huq
<07097>
Nyaw
<0369>
Myrumw
<04714>
hmue
<06109>
swk (3:9)
<03568>
LXXM
kai
<2532
CONJ
aiyiopia {N-NSF} h
<3588
T-NSF
iscuv
<2479
N-NSF
authv
<846
D-GSF
kai
<2532
CONJ
aiguptov
<125
N-NSF
kai
<2532
ADV
ouk
<3364
ADV
estin
<1510
V-PAI-3S
perav
<4009
N-NSN
thv
<3588
T-GSF
fughv
<5437
N-GSF
kai
<2532
CONJ
libuev {N-PRI} egenonto
<1096
V-AMI-3P
bohyoi
<998
N-NPM
authv
<846
D-GSF
NET © [draft] ITL
Cush
<03568>
and Egypt
<04714>
had limitless
<06109>
strength; Put
<06316>
and the Libyans
<03864>
were among her allies
<05833>
.
NET ©

Cush 1  and Egypt had limitless strength; 2  Put and the Libyans 3  were among 4  her 5  allies. 6 

NET © Notes

sn Cush is the Hebrew name for the ancient kingdom of Ethiopia (also known as Nubia) along the Nile valley south of Aswan in Egypt. Many modern English versions render this “Ethiopia,” but this area is not to be confused with modern Ethiopia (i.e., Abyssinia).

tn Or “Cush was limitless and Egypt was strong.” The NIV treats the two nations (“Cush and Egypt”) as a hendiadys of the predicate and translates them as one clause. On the other hand, NJPS treats them separately and translates them in two different clauses.

tn Heb “Lubim.” Most modern English versions render this as “Libya” or “the Libyans.”

tn The preposition בְּ (bet) in בְּעֶזְרָתֵךְ (bÿezratekh) should probably be taken as a bet of identity rather than in a locative sense (DCH 2:84 s.v. בְּ 7; HALOT 104 s.v. בְּ 3).

tc Although the LXX and Syriac read a 3 fs suffix, the 2 fs suffix on MT בְּעֶזְרָתֵךְ (bÿezratekh, “your strength”) should be retained because of the support of 4QpNah, which reads בעזרתך. The MT is the more difficult reading and best explains the origin of the variants, which attempt to harmonize with the preceding 3 fs suffix.

tn Heb “your strength.”

sn This is an example of enallage – a figure of speech in which a speaker addresses a party who is not present. Here, the prophet Nahum addresses the city of Thebes.

tn The Hebrew noun עָזָר (’azar) has been understood in two ways: (1) In the light of the Ugaritic root gzr (“hero, valiant one, warrior”), several scholars posit the existence of the Hebrew root II עָזַר (“warrior”), and translate בְּעֶזְרָתֵךְ (bÿezratekh) as “in your army” (M. Dahood, Psalms, 1:210; P. Miller, “Ugaritic GZR and Hebrew `ZR II,” UF 2 [1970]: 168). (2) It is better to relate the Hebrew עָזָר to Canaanite izirtu (“military help”) which appears several times in the El-Amarna correspondence: “Let him give you soldiers and chariots as help for you so that they may protect the city” (EA 87:13) and “I have provided help for Tyre” (EA 89:18); see K. J. Cathcart, “More Philological Studies in Nahum,” JNWSL 7 (1979): 11.



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