Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Nahum 3:17

Context
NET ©

Your courtiers 1  are like locusts, your officials 2  are like a swarm of locusts! They encamp in the walls on a cold day, yet when the sun rises, they 3  fly away; 4  and no one knows where they 5  are. 6 

NIV ©

Your guards are like locusts, your officials like swarms of locusts that settle in the walls on a cold day—but when the sun appears they fly away, and no-one knows where.

NASB ©

Your guardsmen are like the swarming locust. Your marshals are like hordes of grasshoppers Settling in the stone walls on a cold day. The sun rises and they flee, And the place where they are is not known.

NLT ©

Your princes and officials are also like locusts, crowding together in the hedges to survive the cold. But like locusts that fly away when the sun comes up to warm the earth, all of them will fly away and disappear.

MSG ©

Your bureaucrats are locusts, your brokers and bankers are locusts. Early on, they're all at your service, full of smiles and promises, But later when you return with questions or complaints, you'll find they've flown off and are nowhere to be found.

BBE ©

Your crowned ones are like the locusts, and your scribes like the clouds of insects which take cover in the walls on a cold day, but when the sun comes up they go in flight, and are seen no longer in their place.

NRSV ©

Your guards are like grasshoppers, your scribes like swarms of locusts settling on the fences on a cold day—when the sun rises, they fly away; no one knows where they have gone.

NKJV ©

Your commanders are like swarming locusts, And your generals like great grasshoppers, Which camp in the hedges on a cold day; When the sun rises they flee away, And the place where they are is not known.


KJV
Thy crowned
<04502>
[are] as the locusts
<0697>_,
and thy captains
<02951>
as the great grasshoppers
<01462>_,
which camp
<02583> (8802)
in the hedges
<01448>
in the cold
<07135>
day
<03117>_,
[but] when the sun
<08121>
ariseth
<02224> (8804)
they flee away
<05074> (8776)_,
and their place
<04725>
is not known
<03045> (8738)
where
<0335>
they [are].
NASB ©
Your guardsmen
<04502>
are like the swarming
<0697>
locust
<0697>
. Your marshals
<02951>
are like hordes
<01462>
of grasshoppers
<01462>
Settling
<02583>
in the stone walls
<01448>
on a cold
<07135>
day
<03117>
. The sun
<08121>
rises
<02224>
and they flee
<05074>
, And the place
<04725>
where
<0335>
they are is not known
<03045>
.
HEBREW
Mya
<0335>
wmwqm
<04725>
edwn
<03045>
alw
<03808>
ddwnw
<05074>
hxrz
<02224>
sms
<08121>
hrq
<07135>
Mwyb
<03117>
twrdgb
<01448>
Mynwxh
<02583>
ybg
<01462>
bwgk
<01462>
Kyropjw
<02951>
hbrak
<0697>
Kyrznm (3:17)
<04502>
LXXM
exhlato {V-IMI-3S} wv
<3739
CONJ
attelebov {N-NSM} o
<3588
T-NSM
summiktov {A-NSM} sou
<4771
P-GS
wv
<3739
CONJ
akriv
<200
N-NSF
epibebhkuia
<1910
V-RAPNS
epi
<1909
PREP
fragmon
<5418
N-ASM
en
<1722
PREP
hmeraiv
<2250
N-DPF
pagouv {N-APM} o
<3588
T-NSM
hliov
<2246
N-NSM
aneteilen
<393
V-AAI-3S
kai
<2532
CONJ
afhlato {V-AMI-3S} kai
<2532
CONJ
ouk
<3364
ADV
egnw
<1097
V-AAI-3S
ton
<3588
T-ASM
topon
<5117
N-ASM
authv
<846
D-GSF
ouai
<3759
INJ
autoiv
<846
D-DPM
NET © [draft] ITL
Your courtiers
<04502>
are like locusts
<0697>
, your officials
<02951>
are like a swarm of locusts
<01462>
! They encamp in the walls
<01448>
on a cold
<07135>
day
<03117>
, yet when the sun
<08121>
rises
<02224>
, they fly away
<05074>
; and no
<03808>
one knows
<03045>
where
<0335>
they are
<04725>
.
NET ©

Your courtiers 1  are like locusts, your officials 2  are like a swarm of locusts! They encamp in the walls on a cold day, yet when the sun rises, they 3  fly away; 4  and no one knows where they 5  are. 6 

NET © Notes

tn Or “your guards.” The noun מִגְּזָרַיִךְ (miggÿzarayikh, “your courtiers”) is related to Assyrian manzazu (“courtier”; AHw 2:639.a) or massaru (“guard”; AHw 2:621.a); see HALOT 601 s.v. *מִגְּזָר). The nuance “princes,” suggested by older lexicographers (BDB 634 s.v. מִנְזַר), is obsolete.

tn The noun טַפְסְרַיִךְ (tafsÿrayikh, “your scribes”) from טִפְסָר (tifsar, “scribe, marshal”) is a loanword from Assyrian tupsarru and Sumerian DUB.SAR (“tablet-writer; scribe; official”); see BDB 381 s.v. טִפְסָר; HALOT 379 s.v. This term is also attested in Ugaritic tupsarru and in Phoenician dpsr. As in Jer 51:27, it is used of military and administrative officials. This term designated military officials who recorded the names of recruits and the military activities of Assyrian kings (see P. Machinist, “Assyria and its Image in the First Isaiah,” JAOS 103 [1983]: 736).

tn Heb “it flees.”

tc The BHS editors propose redividing the singular MT reading וְנוֹדַד (vÿnodad, “and it flees”) to the plural וְנוֹדְדוּ (vÿnodÿdu, “and they flee”) due to the difficulty of a singular verb. However, the LXX supports the singular MT reading. The subject is גוֹב (gov, “swarm”), not individual locusts.

tc The MT reads the noun with 3rd person masculine singular suffix מְקוֹמוֹ (mÿqomo, “its place”). The BHS editors suggest emending to 3rd person masculine plural suffix מְקוֹמָם (mÿqomam, “their place”). The MT is supported by the LXX reading, which has a singular suffix. The 3rd person masculine singular suffix is not as awkward as the BHS editors claim – its antecedent is the singular אַרְבֶּה (’arbeh, “locust”) and גוֹב גֹבָי (gov govay, “a swarm of locusts”), as reflected by the 3rd person masculine singular verb וְנוֹדַד (translated “it flies away”).

tc The MT reads אַיָּם (’ayyam, “Where are they?”); see, e.g., Isa 19:12; DCH 1:202-3 s.v. אֵי; HALOT 40 s.v.). On the other hand, the LXX’s οὐαί αὐτοῖς (ouai autoi", “Woe to them!”) seems to reflect a reading of אֶיָּם (’eyyam, “Alas to them!”). The BHS editors suggest emending to אֵיכָה (“Alas!” or “How?”) and join it to v. 18, or אוֹי מַה (’oy mah, “Woe! Why…?”) joined to v. 18. HALOT (40 s.v.) suggests the emendation אֵיךָ (’ekha, “Alas to you!”).

tn Heb “Its place is not known – where are they?” The form אַיָּם has been taken in various ways: (1) an interrogative adverb with 3rd person masculine plural suffix (“where are they?”; GKC 296-97 §100.o; BDB 32 s.v. אַי 1.a); (2) an interrogative particle אֵי (’ey, “where?”) lengthened to אַיָּה (ayyah) and written with the enclitic particle ־ם (mem; GKC 295 §100.g), similar to ayyami (“where?”) in Assyrian (CAD 1.1.220); see W. A. Maier, Nahum, 356; R. D. Patterson, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah (WEC), 111; T. Longman, “Nahum,” The Minor Prophets, 2:826.



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