Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Nahum 3:15

Context
NET ©

There the fire will consume 1  you; the sword will cut you down; it will devour 2  you like the young locust would.Multiply yourself 3  like the young locust; multiply yourself like the flying locust!

NIV ©

There the fire will devour you; the sword will cut you down and, like grasshoppers, consume you. Multiply like grasshoppers, multiply like locusts!

NASB ©

There fire will consume you, The sword will cut you down; It will consume you as the locust does. Multiply yourself like the creeping locust, Multiply yourself like the swarming locust.

NLT ©

But in the middle of your preparations, the fire will devour you; the sword will cut you down. The enemy will consume you like locusts, devouring everything they see. There will be no escape, even if you multiply like grasshoppers.

MSG ©

Sorry. Too late. Enemy fire will burn you up. Swords will cut you to pieces. You'll be chewed up as if by locusts. Yes, as if by locusts--a fitting fate, for you yourselves are a locust plague.

BBE ©

There the fire will make you waste; you will be cut off by the sword: make yourself as great in number as the worms, as great in number as the locusts.

NRSV ©

There the fire will devour you, the sword will cut you off. It will devour you like the locust. Multiply yourselves like the locust, multiply like the grasshopper!

NKJV ©

There the fire will devour you, The sword will cut you off; It will eat you up like a locust. Make yourself many––like the locust! Make yourself many––like the swarming locusts!


KJV
There shall the fire
<0784>
devour
<0398> (8799)
thee; the sword
<02719>
shall cut thee off
<03772> (8686)_,
it shall eat thee up
<0398> (8799)
like the cankerworm
<03218>_:
make thyself many
<03513> (8690)
as the cankerworm
<03218>_,
make thyself many
<03513> (8690)
as the locusts
<0697>_.
NASB ©
There
<08033>
fire
<0784>
will consume
<0398>
you, The sword
<02719>
will cut
<03772>
you down
<03772>
; It will consume
<0398>
you as the locust
<03218>
does. Multiply
<03513>
yourself like the creeping
<03218>
locust
<03218>
, Multiply
<03513>
yourself like the swarming
<0697>
locust
<0697>
.
HEBREW
hbrak
<0697>
ydbkth
<03513>
qlyk
<03218>
dbkth
<03513>
qlyk
<03218>
Klkat
<0398>
brx
<02719>
Ktyrkt
<03772>
sa
<0784>
Klkat
<0398>
Ms (3:15)
<08033>
LXXM
ekei
<1563
ADV
katafagetai
<2719
V-FMI-3S
se
<4771
P-AS
pur
<4442
N-ASN
exoleyreusei {V-FAI-3S} se
<4771
P-AS
romfaia {N-NSF} katafagetai
<2719
V-FMI-3S
se
<4771
P-AS
wv
<3739
CONJ
akriv
<200
N-NSF
kai
<2532
CONJ
barunyhsh
<925
V-FPI-2S
wv
<3739
CONJ
broucov {N-NSM}
NET © [draft] ITL
There
<08033>
the fire
<0784>
will consume
<0398>
you; the sword
<02719>
will cut
<03772>
you down
<03772>
; it will devour
<0398>
you like the young locust
<03218>
would. Multiply
<03513>
yourself like the young locust
<03218>
; multiply
<03513>
yourself like the flying locust
<0697>
!
NET ©

There the fire will consume 1  you; the sword will cut you down; it will devour 2  you like the young locust would.Multiply yourself 3  like the young locust; multiply yourself like the flying locust!

NET © Notes

sn The expression the fire will consume you is an example of personification. Fire is often portrayed consuming an object like a person might consume food (Lev 6:3; 10:2; 16:25; Num 16:35; Deut 4:24; 5:22; Judg 9:15; 1 Kgs 18:38; 2 Kgs 1:10, 12, 14; 2 Chr 7:1; Isa 5:24; 10:17; 30:27, 30; 33:14; Amos 1:4, 7, 10, 12, 14; 2:2, 5; 5:6).

tn The verb אָכַל (’akhal, “to consume, to devour”) is used twice for emphasis: “the fire will consume you, the sword…will devour you.”

sn The expression the sword…will devour you is an example of personification; the sword is frequently portrayed as consuming or devouring a defeated enemy (Deut 32:42; 2 Sam 2:26; 11:25; 18:8; Hos 11:6; Jer 2:30; 12:12); see BDB 37 s.v. אָכַל 4; HALOT 46 s.v. אכל.

tc The root כָּבֵּד (kabbed, “be numerous”) is repeated for emphasis: the forms are the Hitpael infinitive absolute הִתְכַּבֵּד (hitkabbed) and Hitpael imperative הִתְכַּבְּדִי (hitkabbÿdi), both translated here as “Multiply yourself”). The infinitive absolute functions as an imperative (GKC §113.bb, 346). The BHS editors suggest emending the Hitpael infinitive absolute form הִתְכַּבֵּד to the Hitpael imperative form הִתְכַּבְּדִי in order to have two identical forms in this line. However, this is not necessary; the infinitive absolute is used for stylistic variation and often precedes imperatives to add urgency. The MT makes sense as it stands.



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