Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Nahum 2:1

Context
NET ©

(2:2) The watchmen of Nineveh shout: 1  “An enemy who will scatter you 2  is marching out 3  to attack you!” 4  “Guard 5  the rampart! 6  Watch the road! Prepare yourselves for battle! 7  Muster your mighty strength!” 8 

NIV ©

An attacker advances against you, Nineveh . Guard the fortress, watch the road, brace yourselves, marshal all your strength!

NASB ©

The one who scatters has come up against you. Man the fortress, watch the road; Strengthen your back, summon all your strength.

NLT ©

Nineveh, you are already surrounded by enemy armies! Sound the alarm! Man the ramparts! Muster your defenses, and keep a sharp watch for the enemy attack to begin!

MSG ©

The juggernaut's coming! Post guards, lay in supplies. Get yourselves together, get ready for the big battle.

BBE ©

A crusher has come up before your face: keep a good look-out, let the way be watched, make yourself strong, let your power be greatly increased.

NRSV ©

A shatterer has come up against you. Guard the ramparts; watch the road; gird your loins; collect all your strength.

NKJV ©

He who scatters has come up before your face. Man the fort! Watch the road! Strengthen your flanks! Fortify your power mightily.


KJV
He that dasheth in pieces
<06327> (8688)
is come up
<05927> (8804)
before thy face
<06440>_:
keep
<05341> (8800)
the munition
<04694>_,
watch
<06822> (8761)
the way
<01870>_,
make [thy] loins
<04975>
strong
<02388> (8761)_,
fortify
<0553> (8761)
[thy] power
<03581>
mightily
<03966>_.
{He...: or, The disperser, or, hammer}
NASB ©
The one
<04650>
who
<04650>
scatters
<04650>
has come
<05927>
up against
<05921>
you. Man
<05341>
the fortress
<04694>
, watch
<06822>
the road
<01870>
; Strengthen
<02388>
your back
<04975>
, summon
<0553>
all
<03966>
your strength
<03581>
.
HEBREW
dam
<03966>
xk
<03581>
Uma
<0553>
Myntm
<04975>
qzx
<02388>
Krd
<01870>
hpu
<06822>
hrum
<04694>
rwun
<05341>
Kynp
<06440>
le
<05921>
Uypm
<06327>
hle
<05927>
(2:1)
<2:2>
LXXM
(2:2) anebh
<305
V-AAI-3S
emfuswn
<1720
V-PAPNS
eiv
<1519
PREP
proswpon
<4383
N-ASN
sou
<4771
P-GS
exairoumenov
<1807
V-PMPNS
ek
<1537
PREP
yliqewv
<2347
N-GSF
skopeuson {V-AAD-2S} odon
<3598
N-ASF
krathson
<2902
V-AAD-2S
osfuov
<3751
N-GSF
andrisai
<407
V-AAN
th
<3588
T-DSF
iscui
<2479
N-DSF
sfodra
<4970
ADV
NET © [draft] ITL
The watchmen of Nineveh shout: “An enemy who will scatter
<06327>
you is marching out
<05927>
to attack you
<06440>
!” “Guard
<05341>
the rampart
<04694>
! Watch
<06822>
the road
<01870>
! Prepare
<02388>
yourselves
<04975>
for battle! Muster
<0553>
your mighty
<03966>
strength
<03581>
!”
NET ©

(2:2) The watchmen of Nineveh shout: 1  “An enemy who will scatter you 2  is marching out 3  to attack you!” 4  “Guard 5  the rampart! 6  Watch the road! Prepare yourselves for battle! 7  Muster your mighty strength!” 8 

NET © Notes

tn The introductory phrase “The watchmen of Nineveh shout” is not in the Hebrew text, but has been supplied from the context for clarity.

tc The MT reads מֵפִיץ (mefits, “scatterer, disperser”), the Hiphil participle of פּוּץ (puts, “to scatter, to disperse”; HALOT 755 s.v. פוּץ, but see BDB 807 s.v. מֵפִיץ, which classifies it as a noun). The Vulgate’s qui dispergat (“one who disperses”) and the LXX’s ἐμφυσῶν (emfuswn, “one who blows hard; one who scatters”) also reflect מֵפִיץ. The BHS editors propose the emendation מַפֵּץ (mappets, “shatterer, hammerer, war club”; e.g., Jer 51:20 and Prov 25:18). This is unnecessary; the text makes sense as it stands and there is no textual support for the emendation. The theme of exile and dispersion is prominent in the book (Nah 2:7; 3:10-11, 17-18).

tn Heb “a scatterer.” The Hebrew term מֵפִיץ (mefits, “scatterer”) is either a collective singular referring to the Babylonian army or a singular of number referring to the Babylonian commander. Singular forms occur elsewhere in the vision of the fall of Nineveh (2:1-10), used in reference to the Babylonian commander (Nah 2:3, 5)

tn Or “has come up”; or “has advanced.” Used in reference to an army, the verb עָלָה (’alah, “to go up”) means “to advance; to march against” (HALOT 829 s.v. 3.d; see 1 Sam 7:7; 1 Kgs 20:22; Isa 7:1; 21:2; Jer 46:9; Joel 1:6; Mic 2:3). Appearing in a prophetic vision, the suffix conjugation (perfect tense) form עָלָה can denote a future-time action that is pictured as complete (certain) and independent (not contingent upon other factors). The so-called “prophetic perfect” or “perfect of confidence” vividly expresses a future action that is “as good as done” (cf. Num 24:17; Isa 5:13; 8:23-9:1). See R. J. Williams, Hebrew Syntax, 33, §165; IBHS 489-90 §30.5.1.

tn Heb “against your face”; NASB, NRSV “against you.”

tn The Qal infinitive absolute נָצוֹר (notsar, from נָצַר [nastar], “to guard”) is used in an imperatival sense as the following string of imperatives suggests. The imperatival use of the infinitive absolute is often used to introduce a series of imperatives with special urgency (e.g., Deut 1:16; 2 Sam 24:12; 2 Kgs 5:10). See IBHS 593-94 §35.5.1; R. J. Williams, Hebrew Syntax, 42, §211.

tc The BHS editors suggest revocalizing the Masoretic noun מְצֻרָה (mÿtsurah, “rampart”) to the noun מַצָּרָה (matsarah, “the watchtower”) from the root נָצַר (natsar, “to watch, guard”). This would create a repetition of the root נָצַר which immediately precedes it: מַצָּרָה נָצוֹר (natsor matsarah, “Watch the watchtower!”). However, the proposed noun מַצָּרָה (“the watchtower”) appears nowhere in the Hebrew Bible. On the other hand, the Masoretic reading מְצֻרָה (“rampart”) and the related noun מָצוֹר (matsor, “rampart”) appear often (Pss 31:22; 60:11; Hab 2:1; Zech 9:3; 2 Chr 8:5; 11:5, 10, 11, 23; 12:4; 14:5, 21:3; 32:10). Thus, the Masoretic vocalization should be preserved. The LXX completely misunderstood this line. The LXX reading (“one who delivers out of tribulation”) has probably arisen from a confusion of the MT noun נָצוֹר (“guard”) with the common verb נָצַר (“deliver”). It also reflects a confusion of MT מְצֻרָה (“road, rampart”) with מִצְּרָה (mitsÿrah, “from distress”).

tn Heb “Make strong your loins,” an expression which could refer (1) to the practice of tucking the ends of the long cloak (outer garment) into the belt to shorten it in preparation for activities like running, fighting in battle, etc. (cf. NAB, NRSV “gird your loins”); (2) to preparing oneself physically for the onslaught of the enemy (cf. NASB “strengthen your back”); or (3) to a combination of mental and physical preparation for battle (cf. NIV “brace yourselves”).

tn Heb “Make [your] strength exceedingly firm.”



TIP #13: Chapter View to explore chapters; Verse View for analyzing verses; Passage View for displaying list of verses. [ALL]
created in 0.02 seconds
powered by bible.org