Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Nahum 1:6

Context
NET ©

No one can withstand 1  his indignation! 2  No one can resist 3  his fierce anger! 4  His wrath is poured out like volcanic fire, boulders are broken up 5  as he approaches. 6 

NIV ©

Who can withstand his indignation? Who can endure his fierce anger? His wrath is poured out like fire; the rocks are shattered before him.

NASB ©

Who can stand before His indignation? Who can endure the burning of His anger? His wrath is poured out like fire And the rocks are broken up by Him.

NLT ©

Who can stand before his fierce anger? Who can survive his burning fury? His rage blazes forth like fire, and the mountains crumble to dust in his presence.

MSG ©

Who can face such towering anger? Who can stand up to this fierce rage? His anger spills out like a river of lava, his fury shatters boulders.

BBE ©

Who may keep his place before his wrath? and who may undergo the heat of his passion? his wrath is let loose like fire and the rocks are broken open by him.

NRSV ©

Who can stand before his indignation? Who can endure the heat of his anger? His wrath is poured out like fire, and by him the rocks are broken in pieces.

NKJV ©

Who can stand before His indignation? And who can endure the fierceness of His anger? His fury is poured out like fire, And the rocks are thrown down by Him.


KJV
Who can stand
<05975> (8799)
before
<06440>
his indignation
<02195>_?
and who can abide
<06965> (8799)
in the fierceness
<02740>
of his anger
<0639>_?
his fury
<02534>
is poured out
<05413> (8738)
like fire
<0784>_,
and the rocks
<06697>
are thrown down
<05422> (8738)
by him. {abide: Heb. stand up}
NASB ©
Who
<04310>
can stand
<05975>
before
<06440>
His indignation
<02195>
? Who
<04310>
can endure
<06965>
the burning
<02740>
of His anger
<0639>
? His wrath
<02534>
is poured
<05413>
out like fire
<0784>
And the rocks
<06697>
are broken
<05422>
up by Him.
HEBREW
wnmm
<04480>
wutn
<05422>
Myruhw
<06697>
sak
<0784>
hktn
<05413>
wtmx
<02534>
wpa
<0639>
Nwrxb
<02740>
Mwqy
<06965>
ymw
<04310>
dwmey
<05975>
ym
<04310>
wmez
<02195>
ynpl (1:6)
<06440>
LXXM
apo
<575
PREP
proswpou
<4383
N-GSN
orghv
<3709
N-GSF
autou
<846
D-GSM
tiv
<5100
I-NSM
uposthsetai {V-FMI-3S} kai
<2532
CONJ
tiv
<5100
I-NSM
antisthsetai {V-FMI-3S} en
<1722
PREP
orgh
<3709
N-DSF
yumou
<2372
N-GSM
autou
<846
D-GSM
o
<3588
T-NSM
yumov
<2372
N-NSM
autou
<846
D-GSM
thkei
<5080
V-PAI-3S
arcav
<746
N-APF
kai
<2532
CONJ
ai
<3588
T-NPF
petrai
<4073
N-NPF
dieyrubhsan {V-API-3P} ap
<575
PREP
autou
<846
D-GSM
NET © [draft] ITL
No one can withstand
<06440>
his indignation
<02195>
! No one can resist
<05975>
his fierce
<02740>
anger
<0639>
! His wrath
<02534>
is poured out
<05413>
like volcanic fire
<0784>
, boulders
<06697>
are broken up
<05422>
as he approaches
<04480>
.
NET ©

No one can withstand 1  his indignation! 2  No one can resist 3  his fierce anger! 4  His wrath is poured out like volcanic fire, boulders are broken up 5  as he approaches. 6 

NET © Notes

tn Heb “stand before” (so KJV, NASB, NRSV, NLT). The Hebrew verb עָמַד (’amad, “stand”) here denotes “to resist, withstand.” It is used elsewhere of warriors taking a stand in battle to hold their ground against enemies (Judg 2:14; Josh 10:8; 21:44; 23:9; 2 Kgs 10:4; Dan 11:16; Amos 2:15). It is also used of people trying to protect their lives from enemy attack (Esth 8:11; 9:16). Like a mighty warrior, the Lord will attack his enemies, but none will be able to make a stand against him; none will be able to hold their ground against him; and none will be able to protect themselves from his onslaught (Pss 76:7[8]; 147:17; Mal 3:2).

tn Heb “Who can stand before his indignation?” The rhetorical question expects a negative answer; it is translated here as an emphatic denial. The Hebrew noun זַעַם (zaam, “indignation, curse”) connotes the angry wrath or indignant curse of God (Isa 10:5, 25; 13:5; 26:20; 30:27; Jer 10:10; 15:17; 50:25; Ezek 21:36; 22:24, 31; Hab 3:12; Zeph 3:8; Pss 38:4; 69:25; 78:49; 102:11; Lam 2:6; Dan 8:19; 11:36). It depicts anger expressed in the form of punishment (HALOT 276 s.v.; TWOT 1:247).

tn Heb “Who can rise up against…?” The verb יָקוּם (yaqum, “arise”) is here a figurative expression connoting resistance. Although the adversative sense of בְּ (bet) with יָקוּם (yaqum, “against him”) is attested, denoting hostile action taken against one’s enemy (Mic 7:6; Ps 27:12), the locative sense (“before him”) is preferred due to the parallelism with לִפְנֵי (lifney, “before him”).

tn Heb “Who can rise up against the heat of his anger?” The rhetorical question expects a negative answer which is translated as an emphatic denial to clarify the point.

tn Or “burst into flames.” The Niphal perfect נִתְּצוּ (nittÿtsu) from נָתַץ (natats, “to break up, throw down”) may denote “are broken up” or “are thrown down.” The BHS editors suggest emending the MT’s נִתְּצוּ (nittÿtsu) to נִצְּתּוּ (nitsÿtu, Niphal perfect from יָצַת [yatsat, “to burn, to kindle, to burst into flames”]): “boulders burst into flames.” This merely involves the simple transposition of the second and third consonants. This emendation is supported by a few Hebrew mss (cited in BHS apparatus). It is supported contextually by fire and heat motifs in 1:5-6. The same metathesis of נִתְּצוּ and נִצְּתּוּ occurs in Jer 4:26.

tn Heb “before him” (so NAB, NIV, TEV).



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