Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Micah 5:2

Context
NET ©

(5:1) As for you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, 1  seemingly insignificant 2  among the clans of Judah – from you a king will emerge who will rule over Israel on my behalf, 3  one whose origins 4  are in the distant past. 5 

NIV ©

"But you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, though you are small among the clans of Judah, out of you will come for me one who will be ruler over Israel, whose origins are from of old, from ancient times."

NASB ©

"But as for you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, Too little to be among the clans of Judah, From you One will go forth for Me to be ruler in Israel. His goings forth are from long ago, From the days of eternity."

NLT ©

But you, O Bethlehem Ephrathah, are only a small village in Judah. Yet a ruler of Israel will come from you, one whose origins are from the distant past.

MSG ©

But you, Bethlehem, David's country, the runt of the litter--From you will come the leader who will shepherd-rule Israel. He'll be no upstart, no pretender. His family tree is ancient and distinguished.

BBE ©

And you, Beth-lehem Ephrathah, the least among the families of Judah, out of you one will come to me who is to be ruler in Israel; whose going out has been purposed from time past, from the eternal days.

NRSV ©

But you, O Bethlehem of Ephrathah, who are one of the little clans of Judah, from you shall come forth for me one who is to rule in Israel, whose origin is from of old, from ancient days.

NKJV ©

"But you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, Though you are little among the thousands of Judah, Yet out of you shall come forth to Me The One to be Ruler in Israel, Whose goings forth are from of old, From everlasting."


KJV
But thou, Bethlehem
<01035>
Ephratah
<0672>_,
[though] thou be little
<06810>
among the thousands
<0505>
of Judah
<03063>_,
[yet] out of thee shall he come forth
<03318> (8799)
unto me [that is] to be ruler
<04910> (8802)
in Israel
<03478>_;
whose goings forth
<04163>
[have been] from of old
<06924>_,
from everlasting
<03117> <05769>_.
{everlasting: Heb. the days of eternity}
NASB ©
"But as for you, Bethlehem
<01035>
Ephrathah
<0672>
, Too little
<06810>
to be among the clans
<0505>
of Judah
<03063>
, From you One will go
<03318>
forth
<03318>
for Me to be ruler
<04910>
in Israel
<03478>
. His goings
<04163>
forth
<04163>
are from long
<06924>
ago
<06924>
, From the days
<03117>
of eternity
<05769>
."
HEBREW
Mlwe
<05769>
ymym
<03117>
Mdqm
<06924>
wytauwmw
<04163>
larvyb
<03478>
lswm
<04910>
twyhl
<01961>
auy
<03318>
yl
<0>
Kmm
<04480>
hdwhy
<03063>
yplab
<0505>
twyhl
<01961>
ryeu
<06810>
htrpa
<0672>
Mxl
<01035>
tyb
<0>
htaw
<0859>
(5:2)
<5:1>
LXXM
(5:1) kai
<2532
CONJ
su
<4771
P-NS
bhyleem
<965
N-PRI
oikov
<3624
N-NSM
tou
<3588
T-GSM
efraya {N-PRI} oligostov {A-NSM} ei
<1510
V-PAI-2S
tou
<3588
T-GSN
einai
<1510
V-PAN
en
<1722
PREP
ciliasin
<5505
N-DPF
iouda
<2448
N-PRI
ek
<1537
PREP
sou
<4771
P-GS
moi
<1473
P-DS
exeleusetai
<1831
V-FMI-3S
tou
<3588
T-GSN
einai
<1510
V-PAN
eiv
<1519
PREP
arconta
<758
N-ASM
en
<1722
PREP
tw
<3588
T-DSM
israhl
<2474
N-PRI
kai
<2532
CONJ
ai
<3588
T-NPF
exodoi
<1841
N-NPF
autou
<846
D-GSM
ap
<575
PREP
archv
<746
N-GSF
ex
<1537
PREP
hmerwn
<2250
N-GPF
aiwnov
<165
N-GSM
NET © [draft] ITL
As
<0859>
for you
<0859>
, Bethlehem
<01035>
Ephrathah
<0672>
, seemingly
<01961>
insignificant
<06810>
among the clans of Judah
<03063>
– from
<04480>
you a king will emerge
<03318>
who will rule
<04910>
over Israel
<03478>
on
<03117>
my behalf, one whose
<06810>
origins
<04163>
are in the distant past
<05769>
.
NET ©

(5:1) As for you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, 1  seemingly insignificant 2  among the clans of Judah – from you a king will emerge who will rule over Israel on my behalf, 3  one whose origins 4  are in the distant past. 5 

NET © Notes

sn Ephrathah is either an alternate name for Bethlehem or the name of the district in which Bethlehem was located. See Ruth 4:11.

map For location of Bethlehem see Map5 B1; Map7 E2; Map8 E2; Map10 B4.

tn Heb “being small.” Some omit לִהְיוֹת (lihyot, “being”) because it fits awkwardly and appears again in the next line.

tn Heb “from you for me one will go out to be a ruler over Israel.”

tn Heb “his goings out.” The term may refer to the ruler’s origins (cf. NAB, NIV, NRSV, NLT) or to his activities.

tn Heb “from the past, from the days of antiquity.” Elsewhere both phrases refer to the early periods in the history of the world or of the nation of Israel. For מִקֶּדֶם (miqqedem, “from the past”) see Neh 12:46; Pss 74:12; 77:11; Isa 45:21; 46:10. For מִימֵי עוֹלָם (mimeyolam, “from the days of antiquity”) see Isa 63:9, 11; Amos 9:11; Mic 7:14; Mal 3:4. In Neh 12:46 and Amos 9:11 the Davidic era is in view.

sn In riddle-like fashion this verse alludes to David, as the references to Bethlehem and to his ancient origins/activities indicate. The passage anticipates the second coming of the great king to usher in a new era of national glory for Israel. Other prophets are more direct and name this coming ideal ruler “David” (Jer 30:9; Ezek 34:23-24; 37:24-25; Hos 3:5). Of course, this prophecy of “David’s” second coming is actually fulfilled through his descendant, the Messiah, who will rule in the spirit and power of his famous ancestor and bring to realization the Davidic royal ideal in an even greater way than the historical David (see Isa 11:1, 10; Jer 33:15).



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