Then he released Barabbas for them. But after he had Jesus flogged, 1 he handed him over 2 to be crucified. 3
Then he released Barabbas to them. But he had Jesus flogged, and handed him over to be crucified.
Then he released Barabbas for them; but after having Jesus scourged, he handed Him over to be crucified.
So Pilate released Barabbas to them. He ordered Jesus flogged with a lead–tipped whip, then turned him over to the Roman soldiers to crucify him.
Then he pardoned Barabbas. But he had Jesus whipped, and then handed over for crucifixion.
Then he let Barabbas go free: but after having Jesus whipped, he gave him up to be put to death on the cross.
So he released Barabbas for them; and after flogging Jesus, he handed him over to be crucified.
Then he released Barabbas to them; and when he had scourged Jesus, he delivered Him to be crucified.
when he had scourged
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after he had Jesus
, he handed
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1 tn The Greek term φραγελλόω (fragellow) refers to flogging. BDAG 1064 s.v. states, “flog, scourge, a punishment inflicted on slaves and provincials after a sentence of death had been pronounced on them. So in the case of Jesus before the crucifixion…Mt 27:26; Mk 15:15.”
sn A Roman flogging (traditionally, “scourging”) was an excruciating punishment. The victim was stripped of his clothes and bound to a post with his hands fastened above him (or sometimes he was thrown to the ground). Guards standing on either side of the victim would incessantly beat him with a whip (flagellum) made out of leather with pieces of lead and bone inserted into its ends. While the Jews only allowed 39 lashes, the Romans had no such limit; many people who received such a beating died as a result. See C. Schneider, TDNT, 515-19.
2 tn Or “delivered him up.”
3 sn See the note on crucified in 20:19.