Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Mark 7:4

Context
NET ©

And when they come from the marketplace, they do not eat unless they wash. They hold fast to many other traditions: the washing of cups, pots, kettles, and dining couches. 1 ) 2 

NIV ©

When they come from the market-place they do not eat unless they wash. And they observe many other traditions, such as the washing of cups, pitchers and kettles.)

NASB ©

and when they come from the market place, they do not eat unless they cleanse themselves; and there are many other things which they have received in order to observe, such as the washing of cups and pitchers and copper pots.)

NLT ©

Similarly, they eat nothing bought from the market unless they have immersed their hands in water. This is but one of many traditions they have clung to––such as their ceremony of washing cups, pitchers, and kettles.)

MSG ©

with an especially vigorous scrubbing if they had just come from the market (to say nothing of the scourings they'd give jugs and pots and pans).

BBE ©

And when they come from the market-place, they take no food till their hands are washed; and a number of other orders there are, which have been handed down to them to keep—washings of cups and pots and brass vessels.

NRSV ©

and they do not eat anything from the market unless they wash it; and there are also many other traditions that they observe, the washing of cups, pots, and bronze kettles.)

NKJV ©

When they come from the marketplace, they do not eat unless they wash. And there are many other things which they have received and hold, like the washing of cups, pitchers, copper vessels, and couches.


KJV
And
<2532>
[when they come] from
<575>
the market
<58>_,
except
<3362>
they wash
<907> (5672)_,
they eat
<2068> (5719)
not
<3756>_.
And
<2532>
many
<4183>
other things
<243>
there be
<2076> (5748)_,
which
<3739>
they have received
<3880> (5627)
to hold
<2902> (5721)_,
[as] the washing
<909>
of cups
<4221>_,
and
<2532>
pots
<3582>_,

<2532>
brasen vessels
<5473>_,
and
<2532>
of tables
<2825>_.
{pots: sextarius is about a pint and an half} {tables: or, beds}
NASB ©
and when they come from the market
<58>
place
<58>
, they do not eat
<2068>
unless
<1437>
<3361> they cleanse
<4472>
themselves; and there are many
<4183>
other
<243>
things
<4183>
which
<3739>
they have received
<3880>
in order to observe
<2902>
, such as the washing
<909>
of cups
<4221>
and pitchers
<3582>
and copper
<5473>
pots
<5473>
.)
GREEK
kai
<2532>
CONJ
ap
<575>
PREP
agorav
<58>
N-GSF
ean
<1437>
COND
mh
<3361>
PRT-N
rantiswntai
<4472> (5672)
V-AMS-3P
ouk
<3756>
PRT-N
esyiousin
<2068> (5719)
V-PAI-3P
kai
<2532>
CONJ
alla
<243>
A-NPN
polla
<4183>
A-NPN
estin
<1510> (5748)
V-PXI-3S
a
<3739>
R-APN
parelabon
<3880> (5627)
V-2AAI-3P
kratein
<2902> (5721)
V-PAN
baptismouv
<909>
N-APM
pothriwn
<4221>
N-GPN
kai
<2532>
CONJ
xestwn
<3582>
N-GPM
kai
<2532>
CONJ
calkiwn
<5473>
N-GPN
NET © [draft] ITL
And
<2532>
when they come from
<575>
the marketplace
<58>
, they do
<2068>
not
<3756>
eat
<2068>
unless
<1437>

<3361>
they wash
<4472>
. They hold fast
<2902>
to many
<4183>
other
<243>
traditions: the washing
<909>
of cups
<4221>
, pots
<3582>
, kettles
<5473>
, and
<2532>
dining couches.)
NET ©

And when they come from the marketplace, they do not eat unless they wash. They hold fast to many other traditions: the washing of cups, pots, kettles, and dining couches. 1 ) 2 

NET © Notes

tc Several important witnesses (Ì45vid א B L Δ 28* pc) lack “and dining couches” (καὶ κλινῶν, kai klinwn), while the majority of mss (A D W Θ Ë1,13 33 Ï latt) have the reading. Although normally the shorter reading is to be preferred, especially when it is backed by excellent witnesses as in this case, there are some good reasons to consider καὶ κλινῶν as authentic: (1) Although the addition of κλινῶν could be seen as motivated by a general assimilation to the purity regulations in Lev 15 (as some have argued), there are three problems with such a supposition: (a) the word κλίνη (klinh) does not occur in the LXX of Lev 15; (b) nowhere in Lev 15 is the furniture washed or sprinkled; and (c) the context of Lev 15 is about sexual impurity, while the most recent evidence suggests that κλίνη in Mark 7:4, in keeping with the other terms used here, refers to a dining couch (cf. BDAG 549 s.v. κλίνη 2). Thus, it is difficult to see καὶ κλινῶν as a motivated reading. (2) κλίνη, though a relatively rare term in the NT, is in keeping with Markan usage (cf. Mark 4:21; 7:30). (3) The phrase could have been dropped accidentally, at least in some cases, via homoioteleuton. (4) The phrase may have been deliberately expunged by some scribes who thought the imagery of washing a dining couch quite odd. The longer reading, in this case, can thus be argued as the harder reading. On balance, even though a decision is difficult (especially because of the weighty external evidence for the shorter reading), it is preferable to retain καὶ κλινῶν in the text.

sn Verses 3-4 represent parenthetical remarks by the author, giving background information.



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