Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Malachi 1:1

Context
NET ©

What follows is divine revelation. 1  The word of the Lord came to Israel through Malachi: 2 

NIV ©

An oracle: The word of the LORD to Israel through Malachi.

NASB ©

The oracle of the word of the LORD to Israel through Malachi.

NLT ©

This is the message that the LORD gave to Israel through the prophet Malachi.

MSG ©

A Message. GOD's Word to Israel through Malachi:

BBE ©

The word of the Lord to Israel by Malachi.

NRSV ©

An oracle. The word of the LORD to Israel by Malachi.

NKJV ©

The burden of the word of the LORD to Israel by Malachi.


KJV
The burden
<04853>
of the word
<01697>
of the LORD
<03068>
to Israel
<03478>
by
<03027>
Malachi
<04401>_.
{by...: Heb. by the hand of}
NASB ©
The oracle
<04853>
of the word
<01697>
of the LORD
<03068>
to Israel
<03478>
through
<03027>
Malachi
<04401>
.
HEBREW
ykalm
<04401>
dyb
<03027>
larvy
<03478>
la
<0413>
hwhy
<03068>
rbd
<01697>
avm (1:1)
<04853>
LXXM
lhmma {N-NSN} logou
<3056
N-GSM
kuriou
<2962
N-GSM
epi
<1909
PREP
ton
<3588
T-ASM
israhl
<2474
N-PRI
en
<1722
PREP
ceiri
<5495
N-DSF
aggelou
<32
N-GSM
autou
<846
D-GSM
yesye
<5087
V-AMD-2P
dh
<1161
PRT
epi
<1909
PREP
tav
<3588
T-APF
kardiav
<2588
N-APF
umwn
<4771
P-GP
NET © [draft] ITL
What
<01697>
follows is divine revelation
<04853>
. The word
<01697>
of the Lord
<03068>
came to
<0413>
Israel
<03478>
through
<03027>
Malachi
<04401>
:
NET ©

What follows is divine revelation. 1  The word of the Lord came to Israel through Malachi: 2 

NET © Notes

tn Heb “The burden.” The Hebrew term III מַשָּׂא (massa’), usually translated “oracle” or “utterance” (BDB 672 s.v. מַשָּׂא), is a technical term in prophetic literature introducing a message from the Lord (see Zech 9:1; 12:1). Since it derives from a verb meaning “to carry,” its original nuance was that of a burdensome message, that is, one with ominous content. The grammatical structure here suggests that the term stands alone (so NAB, NRSV) and is not to be joined with what follows, “the burden [or “revelation”] of” (so KJV, NASB, ESV).

tn Heb “The word of the Lord to Israel by the hand of Malachi.” There is some question as to whether מַלְאָכִי (malakhi) should be understood as a personal name (so almost all English versions) or as simply “my messenger” (the literal meaning of the Hebrew). Despite the fact that the word should be understood in the latter sense in 3:1 (where, however, it refers to a different person), to understand it that way here would result in the book being of anonymous authorship, a situation anomalous among all the prophetic literature of the OT.



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