Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Luke 4:18


The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he has anointed 1  me to proclaim good news 2  to the poor. 3  He has sent me 4  to proclaim release 5  to the captives and the regaining of sight 6  to the blind, to set free 7  those who are oppressed, 8 


Ge 3:15; 2Ch 34:27; Ps 2:2,6; Ps 34:18; Ps 45:7; Ps 51:17; Ps 102:20; Ps 107:10-16; Ps 146:7; Ps 146:8; Ps 147:3; Isa 11:2-5; Isa 29:18,19; Isa 29:19; Isa 32:3; Isa 35:5; Isa 42:1-4; Isa 42:3; Isa 42:7; Isa 42:16-18; Isa 45:13; Isa 49:9,24,25; Isa 50:4; Isa 52:2,3; Isa 57:15; Isa 59:21; Isa 60:1,2; Isa 66:2; Eze 9:4; Da 9:24; Zep 3:12; Zec 9:11,12; Zec 11:11; Mal 4:2; Mt 4:16; Mt 5:3; Mt 9:27-30; Mt 11:5; Mt 12:20; Lu 6:20; Lu 7:22; Joh 1:41; Joh 9:39-41; Joh 12:46; Ac 4:27; Ac 10:38; Ac 26:18; Eph 5:8-14; Col 1:13; 1Th 5:5,6; Jas 2:5; 1Pe 2:9; 1Jo 2:8-10

NET © Notes

sn The phrase he has anointed me is an allusion back to Jesus’ baptism in Luke 3:21-22.

tn Grk “to evangelize,” “to preach the gospel.”

sn The poor is a key term in Luke. It refers to the pious poor and indicates Jesus’ desire to reach out to those the world tends to forget or mistreat. It is like 1:52 in force and also will be echoed in 6:20 (also 1 Pet 2:11-25). Jesus is commissioned to do this.

tc The majority of mss, especially the later Byzantines, include the phrase “to heal the brokenhearted” at this point (A Θ Ψ 0102 Ë1 Ï). The phrase is lacking in several weighty mss (א B D L W Ξ Ë13 33 579 700 892* pc lat sys co), including representatives from both the Alexandrian and Western texttypes. From the standpoint of external evidence, the omission of the phrase is more likely original. When internal evidence is considered, the shorter reading becomes almost certain. Scribes would be much more prone to add the phrase here to align the text with Isa 61:1, the source of the quotation, than to remove it from the original.

sn The release in view here is comprehensive, both at a physical level and a spiritual one, as the entire ministry of Jesus makes clear (Luke 1:77-79; 7:47; 24:47; Acts 2:38; 5:31; 10:43).

sn Again, as with the previous phrase, regaining of sight may well mean more than simply miraculously restoring physical sight, which itself pictures a deeper reality (Luke 1:77-79; 18:35-43).

sn The essence of Jesus’ messianic work is expressed in the phrase to set free. This line from Isa 58 says that Jesus will do what the nation had failed to do. It makes the proclamation messianic, not merely prophetic, because Jesus doesn’t just proclaim the message – he brings the deliverance. The word translated set free is the same Greek word (ἄφεσις, afesi") translated release earlier in the verse.

sn Again, as with the previous phrases, oppressed may well mean more than simply political or economic oppression, but a deeper reality of oppression by sin (Luke 1:77-79; 18:35-43).

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