Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Luke 3:9

Context
NETBible

Even now the ax is laid at the root of the trees, 1  and every tree that does not produce good fruit will be 2  cut down and thrown into the fire.”

XREF

Isa 10:33,34; Eze 15:2-4; Eze 31:18; Da 4:14,23; Mt 3:10; Mt 7:19; Lu 13:7,9; Lu 23:29-31; Joh 15:6; Heb 10:28; Heb 12:29

NET © Notes

sn Even now the ax is laid at the root of the trees. The imagery of an “ax already laid at the root of the trees” is vivid, connoting sudden and catastrophic judgment for the unrepentant and unfruitful. The image of “fire” serves to further heighten the intensity of the judgment referred to. It is John’s way of summoning all people to return to God with all their heart and avoid his unquenchable wrath soon to be poured out. John’s language and imagery is probably ultimately drawn from the OT where Israel is referred to as a fruitless vine (Hos 10:1-2; Jer 2:21-22) and the image of an “ax” is used to indicate God’s judgment (Ps 74:5-6; Jer 46:22).

tn Grk “is”; the present tense (ἐκκόπτεται, ekkoptetai) has futuristic force here.



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