Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Luke 20:9


Then 1  he began to tell the people this parable: “A man 2  planted a vineyard, 3  leased it to tenant farmers, 4  and went on a journey for a long time.


De 1:15-18; De 16:18; De 17:8-15; Ps 80:8-14; So 8:11,12; Isa 5:1-7; Jer 2:21; Mt 21:33-46; Mr 12:1-12; Lu 19:12; Joh 15:1-8; 1Co 3:6-9

NET © Notes

tn Here δέ (de) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the narrative. The parable Jesus tells here actually addresses the question put to him by the leaders.

tc ‡ There are several variants here, most of which involve variations in word order that do not affect translation. However, the presence or absence of τις (ti") after ἄνθρωπος (anqrwpo"), which would be translated “a certain man,” does affect translation. The witnesses that have τις include A W Θ Ë13 1241 2542 al sy. Those that lack it include א B C D L Ψ Ë1 33 Ï it. Externally, the evidence is significantly stronger for the omission. Internally, however, there is some pause. A feature unique to Luke-Acts in the NT is to use the construction ἄνθρωπος τις (cf. 10:30; 12:16; 14:2, 16; 15:11; 16:1; 19:12; Acts 9:33). However, scribes who were familiar with this idiom may have inserted it here. In light of the overwhelming external support for the omission of τις, the shorter reading is preferred. NA27 places τις in brackets, indicating some doubts as to its authenticity.

sn The vineyard is a figure for Israel in the OT (Isa 5:1-7). The nation and its leaders are the tenants, so the vineyard here may well refer to the promise that resides within the nation. The imagery is like that in Rom 11:11-24.

sn The leasing of land to tenant farmers was common in this period.

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