Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Luke 1:35

Context
NET ©

The angel replied, 1  “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow 2  you. Therefore the child 3  to be born 4  will be holy; 5  he will be called the Son of God.

NIV ©

The angel answered, "The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. So the holy one to be born will be called the Son of God.

NASB ©

The angel answered and said to her, "The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; and for that reason the holy Child shall be called the Son of God.

NLT ©

The angel replied, "The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. So the baby born to you will be holy, and he will be called the Son of God.

MSG ©

The angel answered, The Holy Spirit will come upon you, the power of the Highest hover over you; Therefore, the child you bring to birth will be called Holy, Son of God.

BBE ©

And the angel in answer said to her, The Holy Spirit will come on you, and the power of the Most High will come to rest on you, and so that which will come to birth will be named holy, Son of God.

NRSV ©

The angel said to her, "The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; therefore the child to be born will be holy; he will be called Son of God.

NKJV ©

And the angel answered and said to her, " The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Highest will overshadow you; therefore, also, that Holy One who is to be born will be called the Son of God.


KJV
And
<2532>
the angel
<32>
answered
<611> (5679)
and said
<2036> (5627)
unto her
<846>_,
The Holy
<40>
Ghost
<4151>
shall come
<1904> (5695)
upon
<1909>
thee
<4571>_,
and
<2532>
the power
<1411>
of the Highest
<5310>
shall overshadow
<1982> (5692)
thee
<4671>_:
therefore
<1352>
also
<2532>
that holy thing
<40>
which shall be born
<1080> (5746)
of
<1537>
thee
<4675>
shall be called
<2564> (5701)
the Son
<5207>
of God
<2316>_.
NASB ©
The angel
<32>
answered
<611>
and said
<3004>
to her, "The Holy
<40>
Spirit
<4151>
will come
<1904>
upon you, and the power
<1411>
of the Most
<5310>
High
<5310>
will overshadow
<1982>
you; and for that reason
<1352>
the holy
<40>
Child
<1080>
shall be called
<2564>
the Son
<5207>
of God
<2316>
.
GREEK
kai
<2532>
CONJ
apokriyeiv
<611> (5679)
V-AOP-NSM
o
<3588>
T-NSM
aggelov
<32>
N-NSM
eipen
<2036> (5627)
V-2AAI-3S
auth
<846>
P-DSF
pneuma
<4151>
N-NSN
agion
<40>
A-NSN
epeleusetai
<1904> (5695)
V-FDI-3S
epi
<1909>
PREP
se
<4571>
P-2AS
kai
<2532>
CONJ
dunamiv
<1411>
N-NSF
uqistou
<5310>
A-GSM
episkiasei
<1982> (5692)
V-FAI-3S
soi
<4671>
P-2DS
dio
<1352>
CONJ
kai
<2532>
CONJ
to
<3588>
T-NSN
gennwmenon
<1080> (5746)
V-PPP-NSN
agion
<40>
A-NSN
klhyhsetai
<2564> (5701)
V-FPI-3S
uiov
<5207>
N-NSM
yeou
<2316>
N-GSM
NET © [draft] ITL
The angel
<32>
replied
<611>

<2036>
, “The Holy
<40>
Spirit
<4151>
will come upon
<1904>
you
<4571>
, and
<2532>
the power
<1411>
of the Most High
<5310>
will overshadow
<1982>
you
<4671>
. Therefore
<1352>
the child to be born
<1080>
will be holy
<40>
; he will be called
<2564>
the Son
<5207>
of God
<2316>
.
NET ©

The angel replied, 1  “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow 2  you. Therefore the child 3  to be born 4  will be holy; 5  he will be called the Son of God.

NET © Notes

tn Grk “And the angel said to her.” Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style. The pronoun αὐτῇ (auth, “to her”) has not been included in the translation since it is redundant in contemporary English.

sn The phrase will overshadow is a reference to God’s glorious presence at work (Exod 40:34-35; Ps 91:4).

tn Or “the one born holy will be called the Son of God.” The wording of this phrase depends on whether the adjective is a predicate adjective, as in the text, or is an adjective modifying the participle serving as the subject. The absence of an article with the adjective speaks for a predicate position. Other less appealing options supply a verb for “holy”; thus “the one who is born will be holy”; or argue that both “holy” and “Son of God” are predicates, so “The one who is born will be called holy, the Son of God.”

tc A few mss (C* Θ Ë1 33 pc) add “by you” here. This looks like a scribal addition to bring symmetry to the first three clauses of the angel’s message (note the second person pronoun in the previous two clauses), and is too poorly supported to be seriously considered as authentic.

tn Or “Therefore the holy child to be born will be called the Son of God.” There are two ways to understand the Greek phrase τὸ γεννώμενον ἅγιον (to gennwmenon {agion) here. First, τὸ γεννώμενον could be considered a substantival participle with ἅγιον as an adjective in the second predicate position, thus making a complete sentence; this interpretation is reflected in the translation above. Second, τὸ ἅγιον could be considered a substantival adjective with γεννώμενον acting as an adjectival participle, thus making the phrase the subject of the verb κληθήσεται (klhqhsetai); this interpretation is reflected in the alternative reading. Treating the participle γεννώμενον as adjectival is a bit unnatural for the very reason that it forces one to understand ἅγιον as substantival; this introduces a new idea in the text with ἅγιον when an already new topic is being introduced with γεννώμενον. Semantically this would overload the new subject introduced at this point. For this reason the first interpretation is preferred.



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