Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Leviticus 5:4

Context
NET ©

or when a person swears an oath, speaking thoughtlessly 1  with his lips, whether to do evil or to do good, with regard to anything which the individual might speak thoughtlessly in an oath, even if he did not realize it, but he himself has later come to know it and is guilty with regard to one of these oaths 2 

NIV ©

"‘Or if a person thoughtlessly takes an oath to do anything, whether good or evil—in any matter one might carelessly swear about—even though he is unaware of it, in any case when he learns of it he will be guilty.

NASB ©

‘Or if a person swears thoughtlessly with his lips to do evil or to do good, in whatever matter a man may speak thoughtlessly with an oath, and it is hidden from him, and then he comes to know it, he will be guilty in one of these.

NLT ©

"Or if they make a rash vow of any kind, whether its purpose is for good or bad, they will be considered guilty even if they were not fully aware of what they were doing at the time.

MSG ©

"Or if you impulsively swear to do something, whether good or bad--some rash oath that just pops out--and you aren't aware of what you've done at the time, but later you come to realize it and you're guilty in any of these cases;

BBE ©

Or if anyone, without thought, takes an oath to do evil or to do good, whatever he says without thought, with an oath, having no knowledge of what he is doing; when it becomes clear to him, he will be responsible for any of these things.

NRSV ©

Or when any of you utter aloud a rash oath for a bad or a good purpose, whatever people utter in an oath, and are unaware of it, when you come to know it, you shall in any of these be guilty.

NKJV ©

‘Or if a person swears, speaking thoughtlessly with his lips to do evil or to do good, whatever it is that a man may pronounce by an oath, and he is unaware of it––when he realizes it , then he shall be guilty in any of these matters .


KJV
Or if a soul
<05315>
swear
<07650> (8735)_,
pronouncing
<0981> (8763)
with [his] lips
<08193>
to do evil
<07489> (8687)_,
or to do good
<03190> (8687)_,
whatsoever [it be] that a man
<0120>
shall pronounce
<0981> (8762)
with an oath
<07621>_,
and it be hid
<05956> (8738)
from him; when he knoweth
<03045> (8804)
[of it], then he shall be guilty
<0816> (8804)
in one
<0259>
of these.
NASB ©
'Or
<0176>
if
<03588>
a person
<05315>
swears
<07650>
thoughtlessly
<0981>
with his lips
<08193>
to do
<07489>
evil
<07489>
or
<0176>
to do
<03190>
good
<03190>
, in whatever
<03605>
<834> matter a man
<0120>
may speak
<0981>
thoughtlessly
<0981>
with an oath
<07621>
, and it is hidden
<05956>
from him, and then he comes to know
<03045>
it, he will be guilty
<0816>
in one
<0259>
of these
<0428>
.
HEBREW
hlam
<0428>
txal
<0259>
Msaw
<0816>
edy
<03045>
awhw
<01931>
wnmm
<04480>
Mlenw
<05956>
hebsb
<07621>
Mdah
<0120>
ajby
<0981>
rsa
<0834>
lkl
<03605>
byjyhl
<03190>
wa
<0176>
erhl
<07489>
Mytpvb
<08193>
ajbl
<0981>
ebst
<07650>
yk
<03588>
spn
<05315>
wa (5:4)
<0176>
LXXM
h
<2228
CONJ
quch
<5590
N-NSF
h
<3588
T-NSF
an
<302
PRT
omosh {V-AAS-3S} diastellousa {V-PAPNS} toiv
<3588
T-DPN
ceilesin
<5491
N-DPN
kakopoihsai
<2554
V-AAN
h
<2228
CONJ
kalwv
<2570
ADV
poihsai
<4160
V-AAN
kata
<2596
PREP
panta
<3956
A-APN
osa
<3745
A-APN
ean
<1437
CONJ
diasteilh {V-AAS-3S} o
<3588
T-NSM
anyrwpov
<444
N-NSM
mey
<3326
PREP
orkou
<3727
N-GSM
kai
<2532
CONJ
layh
<2990
V-AAS-3S
auton
<846
D-ASM
pro
<4253
PREP
ofyalmwn
<3788
N-GPM
kai
<2532
CONJ
outov
<3778
D-NSM
gnw
<1097
V-AAS-3S
kai
<2532
CONJ
amarth
<264
V-AAS-3S
en
<1519
A-ASN
ti
<5100
I-ASN
toutwn
<3778
D-GPN
NET © [draft] ITL
or
<0176>
when
<03588>
a person
<05315>
swears
<07650>
an oath, speaking thoughtlessly
<0981>
with his lips
<08193>
, whether to do evil
<07489>
or
<0176>
to do good
<03190>
, with regard to anything
<03605>
which
<0834>
the individual
<0120>
might speak thoughtlessly
<0981>
in an oath
<07621>
, even if he did not realize
<05956>
it, but he himself has later come to know
<03045>
it and is guilty
<0816>
with regard to one
<0259>
of these
<0428>
oaths–
NET ©

or when a person swears an oath, speaking thoughtlessly 1  with his lips, whether to do evil or to do good, with regard to anything which the individual might speak thoughtlessly in an oath, even if he did not realize it, but he himself has later come to know it and is guilty with regard to one of these oaths 2 

NET © Notes

tn Heb “to speak thoughtlessly”; cf. NAB “rashly utters an oath.”

tn Heb “and is guilty to one from these,” probably referring here to any of “these” things about which one might swear a thoughtless oath (J. E. Hartley, Leviticus [WBC], 45), with the word “oath” supplied in the translation for clarity. Another possibility is that “to one from these” is a dittography from v. 5 (cf. the note on v. 5a), and that v. 4 ends with “and is guilty” like vv. 2 and 3 (J. Milgrom, Leviticus [AB], 1:300).



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