Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Leviticus 19:18

Context
NETBible

You must not take vengeance or bear a grudge 1  against the children of your people, but you must love your neighbor as yourself. 2  I am the Lord.

XREF

Ex 23:4,5; De 32:25; 2Sa 13:22,28; Pr 20:22; Mt 5:43,44; Mt 5:43; Mt 19:19; Mt 22:39,40; Mr 12:31-34; Lu 10:27-37; Ro 12:17,19; Ro 13:4; Ro 13:9; Ga 5:14; Ga 5:20; Eph 4:31; Col 3:8; Jas 2:8; 1Pe 2:1

NET © Notes

tn Heb “and you shall not retain [anger?].” This line seems to refer to the retaining or maintaining of some vengeful feelings toward someone. Compare the combination of the same terms for taking vengeance and maintaining wrath against enemies in Nahum 1:2 (see J. E. Hartley, Leviticus [WBC], 305).

sn Some scholars make a distinction between the verb אָהַב (’ahav, “to love”) with the direct object and the more unusual construction with the preposition לְ (lamed) as it is here and in Lev 19:34 and 2 Chr 19:2 only. If there is a distinction, the construction here probably calls for direct and helpful action toward one’s neighbor (see the discussion in J. E. Hartley, Leviticus [WBC], 305, and esp. 317-18). Such love stands in contrast to taking vengeance or bearing a grudge against someone and, in NT terms, amounts to fulfilling the so-called “golden rule” (Matt 7:12).



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