Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Lamentations 2:9

Context
NET ©

ט (Tet) Her city gates have fallen 1  to the ground; he smashed to bits 2  the bars that lock her gates. 3  Her king and princes were taken into exile; 4  there is no more guidance available. 5  As for her prophets, they no longer receive 6  a vision from the Lord.

NIV ©

Her gates have sunk into the ground; their bars he has broken and destroyed. Her king and her princes are exiled among the nations, the law is no more, and her prophets no longer find visions from the LORD.

NASB ©

Her gates have sunk into the ground, He has destroyed and broken her bars. Her king and her princes are among the nations; The law is no more. Also, her prophets find No vision from the LORD.

NLT ©

Jerusalem’s gates have sunk into the ground. All their locks and bars are destroyed, for he has smashed them. Her kings and princes have been exiled to distant lands; the law is no more. Her prophets receive no more visions from the LORD.

MSG ©

Her city gates, iron bars and all, disappeared in the rubble: her kings and princes off to exile--no one left to instruct or lead; her prophets useless--they neither saw nor heard anything from GOD.

BBE ©

Her doors have gone down into the earth; he has sent destruction on her locks: her king and her princes are among the nations where the law is not; even her prophets have had no vision from the Lord.

NRSV ©

Her gates have sunk into the ground; he has ruined and broken her bars; her king and princes are among the nations; guidance is no more, and her prophets obtain no vision from the LORD.

NKJV ©

Her gates have sunk into the ground; He has destroyed and broken her bars. Her king and her princes are among the nations; The Law is no more , And her prophets find no vision from the LORD.


KJV
Her gates
<08179>
are sunk
<02883> (8804)
into the ground
<0776>_;
he hath destroyed
<06> (8765)
and broken
<07665> (8765)
her bars
<01280>_:
her king
<04428>
and her princes
<08269>
[are] among the Gentiles
<01471>_:
the law
<08451>
[is] no [more]; her prophets
<05030>
also find
<04672> (8804)
no vision
<02377>
from the LORD
<03068>_.
NASB ©
Her gates
<08179>
have sunk
<02883>
into the ground
<0776>
, He has destroyed
<06>
and broken
<07665>
her bars
<01280>
. Her king
<04428>
and her princes
<08269>
are among the nations
<01471>
; The law
<08451>
is no
<0369>
more
<0369>
. Also
<01571>
, her prophets
<05030>
find
<04672>
No
<03808>
vision
<02377>
from the LORD
<03068>
.
HEBREW
o
hwhym
<03068>
Nwzx
<02377>
waum
<04672>
al
<03808>
hyaybn
<05030>
Mg
<01571>
hrwt
<08451>
Nya
<0369>
Mywgb
<01471>
hyrvw
<08269>
hklm
<04428>
hyxyrb
<01280>
rbsw
<07665>
dba
<06>
hyres
<08179>
Urab
<0776>
webj (2:9)
<02883>
LXXM
enepaghsan {V-AAI-3P} eiv
<1519
PREP
ghn
<1065
N-ASF
pulai
<4439
N-NPF
authv
<846
D-GSF
apwlesen {V-AAI-3S} kai
<2532
CONJ
sunetriqen
<4937
V-AAI-3S
moclouv {N-APM} authv
<846
D-GSF
basilea
<935
N-ASM
authv
<846
D-GSF
kai
<2532
CONJ
arcontav
<758
N-APM
authv
<846
D-GSF
en
<1722
PREP
toiv
<3588
T-DPN
eynesin
<1484
N-DPN
ouk
<3364
ADV
estin
<1510
V-PAI-3S
nomov
<3551
N-NSM
kai
<2532
CONJ
ge
<1065
PRT
profhtai
<4396
N-NPM
authv
<846
D-GSF
ouk
<3364
ADV
eidon
<3708
V-AAI-3P
orasin
<3706
N-ASF
para
<3844
PREP
kuriou
<2962
N-GSM
NET © [draft] ITL
ט(Tet) Her city gates
<08179>
have fallen
<02883>
to the ground
<0776>
; he smashed
<06>
to bits the bars
<01280>
that lock her gates. Her king
<04428>
and princes
<08269>
were taken into exile
<01471>
; there is no
<0369>
more guidance
<08451>
available. As
<01571>
for her prophets
<05030>
, they no
<03808>
longer receive
<04672>
a vision
<02377>
from the Lord
<03068>
.
NET ©

ט (Tet) Her city gates have fallen 1  to the ground; he smashed to bits 2  the bars that lock her gates. 3  Her king and princes were taken into exile; 4  there is no more guidance available. 5  As for her prophets, they no longer receive 6  a vision from the Lord.

NET © Notes

tn Heb “have sunk down.” This expression, “her gates have sunk down into the ground,” is a personification, picturing the city gates descending into the earth, as if going down into the grave or the netherworld. Most English versions render it literally (KJV, RSV, NRSV, NASB, NIV, NJPS); however, a few paraphrases have captured the equivalent sense quite well: “Zion’s gates have fallen facedown on the ground” (CEV) and “the gates are buried in rubble” (TEV).

tn Heb “he has destroyed and smashed her bars.” The two verbs אִבַּד וְשִׁבַּר (’ibbad vÿshibbar) form a verbal hendiadys that emphasizes the forcefulness of the destruction of the locking bars on the gates. The first verb functions adverbially and the second retains its full verbal sense: “he has smashed to pieces.” Several English versions render this expression literally and miss the rhetorical point: “he has ruined and broken” (RSV, NRSV), “he has destroyed and broken” (KJV, NASB), “he has broken and destroyed” (NIV). The hendiadys has been correctly noted by others: “smashed to pieces” (TEV, CEV) and “smashed to bits” (NJPS).

tn Heb “her bars.” Since the literal “bars” could be misunderstood as referring to saloons, the phrase “the bars that lock her gates” has been used in the present translation.

tn Heb “are among the nations.”

tn Heb “there is no torah” or “there is no Torah” (אֵין תּוֹרָה, ’en torah). Depending on whether תּוֹרָה (torah, “instruction, law”) is used in parallelism with the preceding or following line, it refers to (1) political guidance that the now-exiled king had formerly provided or (2) prophetic instruction that the now-ineffective prophets had formerly provided (BDB 434 s.v. תּוֹרָה 1.b). It is possible that the three lines are arranged in an ABA chiastic structure, exploiting the semantic ambiguity of the term תּוֹרָה (torah, “instruction”). Possibly it is an oblique reference to the priests’ duties of teaching, thus introducing a third group of the countries leaders. It is possible to hear in this a lament in reference to the destruction of Torah scrolls that may have been at the temple when it was destroyed.

tn Heb “they cannot find.”



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