Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Lamentations 2:1

Context
NET ©

א (Alef) Alas! 1  The Lord 2  has covered Daughter Zion 3  with his anger. 4  He has thrown down the splendor of Israel from heaven to earth; he did not protect 5  his temple 6  when he displayed his anger. 7 

NIV ©

How the Lord has covered the Daughter of Zion with the cloud of his anger! He has hurled down the splendour of Israel from heaven to earth; he has not remembered his footstool in the day of his anger.

NASB ©

How the Lord has covered the daughter of Zion With a cloud in His anger! He has cast from heaven to earth The glory of Israel, And has not remembered His footstool In the day of His anger.

NLT ©

The Lord in his anger has cast a dark shadow over Jerusalem. The fairest of Israel’s cities lies in the dust, thrown down from the heights of heaven. In his day of awesome fury, the Lord has shown no mercy even to his Temple.

MSG ©

Oh, oh, oh...How the Master has cut down Daughter Zion from the skies, dashed Israel's glorious city to earth, in his anger treated his favorite as throwaway junk.

BBE ©

How has the daughter of Zion been covered with a cloud by the Lord in his wrath! he has sent down from heaven to earth the glory of Israel, and has not kept in memory the resting-place of his feet in the day of his wrath.

NRSV ©

How the Lord in his anger has humiliated daughter Zion! He has thrown down from heaven to earth the splendor of Israel; he has not remembered his footstool in the day of his anger.

NKJV ©

How the Lord has covered the daughter of Zion With a cloud in His anger! He cast down from heaven to the earth The beauty of Israel, And did not remember His footstool In the day of His anger.


KJV
How hath the Lord
<0136>
covered
<05743> (0)
the daughter
<01323>
of Zion
<06726>
with a cloud
<05743> (8686)
in his anger
<0639>_,
[and] cast down
<07993> (8689)
from heaven
<08064>
unto the earth
<0776>
the beauty
<08597>
of Israel
<03478>_,
and remembered
<02142> (8804)
not his footstool
<01916> <07272>
in the day
<03117>
of his anger
<0639>_!
NASB ©
How
<0351>
the Lord
<0136>
has covered
<05743>
the daughter
<01323>
of Zion
<06726>
With a cloud
<05743>
in His anger
<0639>
! He has cast
<07993>
from heaven
<08064>
to earth
<0776>
The glory
<08597>
of Israel
<03478>
, And has not remembered
<02142>
His footstool
<01916>
<7272> In the day
<03117>
of His anger
<0639>
.
HEBREW
o
wpa
<0639>
Mwyb
<03117>
wylgr
<07272>
Mdh
<01916>
rkz
<02142>
alw
<03808>
larvy
<03478>
trapt
<08597>
Ura
<0776>
Mymsm
<08064>
Kylsh
<07993>
Nwyu
<06726>
tb
<01323>
ta
<0853>
ynda
<0136>
wpab
<0639>
byey
<05743>
hkya (2:1)
<0349>
LXXM
pwv
<4459
ADV
egnofwsen {V-AAI-3S} en
<1722
PREP
orgh
<3709
N-DSF
autou
<846
D-GSM
kuriov
<2962
N-NSM
thn
<3588
T-ASF
yugatera
<2364
N-ASF
siwn
<4622
N-PRI
katerriqen {V-AAI-3S} ex
<1537
PREP
ouranou
<3772
N-GSM
eiv
<1519
PREP
ghn
<1065
N-ASF
doxasma {N-ASN} israhl
<2474
N-PRI
kai
<2532
CONJ
ouk
<3364
ADV
emnhsyh
<3403
V-API-3S
upopodiou
<5286
N-GSN
podwn
<4228
N-GPM
autou
<846
D-GSM
en
<1722
PREP
hmera
<2250
N-DSF
orghv
<3709
N-GSF
autou
<846
D-GSM
NET © [draft] ITL
א (Alef) Alas! The
<0136>
Lord has
<05743>
covered
<01323>
Daughter
<06726>
Zion with his
<0639>
anger. He has thrown
<07993>
down the
<08597>
splendor of
<03478>
Israel from
<08064>
heaven to
<0776>
earth; he did
<03808>
not
<02142>
protect his temple
<03117>
when he displayed his
<0639>
NET ©

א (Alef) Alas! 1  The Lord 2  has covered Daughter Zion 3  with his anger. 4  He has thrown down the splendor of Israel from heaven to earth; he did not protect 5  his temple 6  when he displayed his anger. 7 

NET © Notes

tn See the note at 1:1.

tc The MT reads אֲדֹנָי (’adonay, “the Lord”) here rather than יהוה (YHWH, “the Lord”). See the tc note at 1:14.

sn Chapter 2 continues the use of feminine epithets (e.g., “Daughter Zion”), although initially portraying Jerusalem as an object destroyed by the angered enemy, God.

tn The verb יָעִיב (yaiv) is a hapax legomenon (a term that appears only once in Hebrew OT). Most lexicons take it as a denominative verb from the noun עָב (’av, “cloud,” HALOT 773 s.v. II עָב; BDB 728 s.v. עוּב): Hiphil imperfect 3rd person masculine singular from עוֹב (’ov) meaning “cover with a cloud, make dark” (HALOT 794 s.v. עוב) or “becloud” (BDB 728 s.v.): “the Lord has covered Daughter Zion with the cloud of His anger.” This approach is followed by many English versions (KJV, RSV, NASB, NIV). However, a few scholars relate it to a cognate Arabic verb “to blame, revile” (Ehrlich, Rudolph, Hillers): “the Lord has shamed Daughter Zion in His anger.” Several English versions adopt this (NRSV, NJPS, CEV). The picture of cloud and wrath concurs with the stanza’s connection to “day of the Lord” imagery.

tn The common gloss for זָכַר (zakhar) is “remember.” זָכַר (zakhar) entails “bearing something in mind” in a broader sense than the English gloss “remember.” When God “bears someone in mind,” the consequences are beneficial for them. The implication of not regarding his footstool is to not esteem and so not care for or protect it.

tn Heb “the footstool of His feet.” The noun הֲדֹם (hadom, “footstool”), always joined with רַגְלַיִם (raglayim, “feet”) is always used figuratively in reference to the dwelling place of God (BDB 213 s.v. הֲדֹם). It usually refers to the Lord’s temple in Jerusalem (Isa 60:13; Lam 2:1) or to the ark as the place above which the Lord is enthroned (Pss 99:5; 132:7; 1 Chr 28:2).

tn Heb “in the day of His anger.” As a temporal reference this phrase means “when he displayed his anger.” The Hebrew term “day,” associated with the “day of the Lord” or “day of his wrath” also functions as a title in a technical sense.



TIP #15: To dig deeper, please read related articles at bible.org (via Articles Tab). [ALL]
created in 0.02 seconds
powered by bible.org