Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Jude 1:3

Context
NET ©

Dear friends, although I have been eager to write to you 1  about our common salvation, I now feel compelled 2  instead to write to encourage 3  you to contend earnestly 4  for the faith 5  that was once for all 6  entrusted to the saints. 7 

NIV ©

Dear friends, although I was very eager to write to you about the salvation we share, I felt I had to write and urge you to contend for the faith that was once for all entrusted to the saints.

NASB ©

Beloved, while I was making every effort to write you about our common salvation, I felt the necessity to write to you appealing that you contend earnestly for the faith which was once for all handed down to the saints.

NLT ©

Dearly loved friends, I had been eagerly planning to write to you about the salvation we all share. But now I find that I must write about something else, urging you to defend the truth of the Good News. God gave this unchanging truth once for all time to his holy people.

MSG ©

Dear friends, I've dropped everything to write you about this life of salvation that we have in common. I have to write insisting--begging!--that you fight with everything you have in you for this faith entrusted to us as a gift to guard and cherish.

BBE ©

My loved ones, while my thoughts were full of a letter which I was going to send you about our common salvation, it was necessary for me to send you one requesting you with all my heart to go on fighting strongly for the faith which has been given to the saints once and for ever.

NRSV ©

Beloved, while eagerly preparing to write to you about the salvation we share, I find it necessary to write and appeal to you to contend for the faith that was once for all entrusted to the saints.

NKJV ©

Beloved, while I was very diligent to write to you concerning our common salvation, I found it necessary to write to you exhorting you to contend earnestly for the faith which was once for all delivered to the saints.


KJV
Beloved
<27>_,
when I gave
<4160> (5734)
all
<3956>
diligence
<4710>
to write
<1125> (5721)
unto you
<5213>
of
<4012>
the common
<2839>
salvation
<4991>_,
it was
<2192> (0)
needful
<318>
for me
<2192> (5627)
to write
<1125> (5658)
unto you
<5213>_,
and exhort
<3870> (5723)
[you] that ye should earnestly contend
<1864> (5738)
for the faith
<4102>
which was once
<530>
delivered
<3860> (5685)
unto the saints
<40>_.
NASB ©
Beloved
<27>
, while I was making
<4160>
every
<3956>
effort
<4710>
to write
<1125>
you about
<4012>
our common
<2839>
salvation
<4991>
, I felt
<2192>
the necessity
<318>
to write
<1125>
to you appealing
<3870>
that you contend
<1864>
earnestly
<1864>
for the faith
<4102>
which was once
<530>
for all
<530>
handed
<3860>
down
<3860>
to the saints
<40>
.
GREEK
agaphtoi
<27>
A-VPM
pasan
<3956>
A-ASF
spoudhn
<4710>
N-ASF
poioumenov
<4160> (5734)
V-PMP-NSM
grafein
<1125> (5721)
V-PAN
umin
<5213>
P-2DP
peri
<4012>
PREP
thv
<3588>
T-GSF
koinhv
<2839>
A-GSF
hmwn
<2257>
P-1GP
swthriav
<4991>
N-GSF
anagkhn
<318>
N-ASF
escon
<2192> (5627)
V-2AAI-1S
graqai
<1125> (5658)
V-AAN
umin
<5213>
P-2DP
parakalwn
<3870> (5723)
V-PAP-NSM
epagwnizesyai
<1864> (5738)
V-PNN
th
<3588>
T-DSF
apax
<530>
ADV
paradoyeish
<3860> (5685)
V-APP-DSF
toiv
<3588>
T-DPM
agioiv
<40>
A-DPM
pistei
<4102>
N-DSF
NET © [draft] ITL
Dear friends
<27>
, although I have been
<4160>
eager
<4710>
to write
<1125>
to you
<5213>
about
<4012>
our
<2257>
common
<2839>
salvation
<4991>
, I now feel
<2192>
compelled
<318>
instead to write
<1125>
to encourage
<3870>
you
<5213>
to contend earnestly
<1864>
for the faith
<4102>
that was once for all
<530>
entrusted
<3860>
to the saints
<40>
.
NET ©

Dear friends, although I have been eager to write to you 1  about our common salvation, I now feel compelled 2  instead to write to encourage 3  you to contend earnestly 4  for the faith 5  that was once for all 6  entrusted to the saints. 7 

NET © Notes

tn Grk “while being quite diligent to write to you,” or “while making all haste to write to you.” Two issues are at stake: (1) whether σπουδή (spoudh) here means diligence, eagerness, or haste; (2) whether ποιούμενος γράφειν (poioumeno" grafein) is to be taken conatively (“I was about to write”) or progressively (“I was writing”). Without knowing more of the background, it is difficult to tell which option is to be preferred.

tn Grk “I had the necessity.” The term ἀνάγκη (anankh, “necessity”) often connotes urgency or distress. In this context, Jude is indicating that the more comprehensive treatment about the faith shared between himself and his readers was not nearly as urgent as the letter he found it now necessary to write.

tn Grk “encouraging.” Παρακαλῶν (parakalwn) is most likely a telic participle. In keeping with other participles of purpose, it is present tense and occurs after the main verb.

tn the verb ἐπαγωνίζομαι (epagwnizomai) is an intensive form of ἀγωνίζομαι (agwnizomai). As such, the notion of struggling, fighting, contending, etc. is heightened.

tn Τῇ πίστει (th pistei) here is taken as a dative of advantage (“on behalf of the faith”). Though rare (see BDAG 820 s.v. 3), it is not unexampled and must have this meaning here.

sn The term “faith” has a variety of meanings in the NT. Here, the faith refers to the doctrinal content embraced by believers rather than the act of believing. Rather than discuss the points of agreement that Jude would have with these believers, because of the urgency of the present situation he must assume that these believers were well grounded and press on to encourage them to fight for this common belief.

sn The adverb once for all (ἅπαξ, Japax) seems to indicate that the doctrinal convictions of the early church had been substantially codified. That is to say, Jude could appeal to written documents of the Christian faith in his arguments with the false teachers. Most likely, these documents were the letters of Paul and perhaps one or more gospels. First and Second Peter may also have been among the documents Jude has in mind (see also the note on the phrase entrusted to the saints in this verse).

sn I now feel compelled instead…saints. Apparently news of some crisis has reached Jude, prompting him to write a different letter than what he had originally planned. A plausible scenario (assuming authenticity of 2 Peter or at least that there are authentic Petrine snippets in it) is that after Peter’s death, Jude intended to write to the same Gentile readers that Peter had written to (essentially, Paul’s churches). Jude starts by affirming that the gospel the Gentiles had received from Paul was the same as the one the Jewish Christians had received from the other apostles (our common salvation). But in the midst of writing this letter, Jude felt that the present crisis deserved another, shorter piece. The crisis, as the letter reveals, is that the false teachers whom Peter prophesied have now infiltrated the church. The letter of Jude is thus an ad hoc letter, intended to confirm the truth of Peter’s letter and encourage the saints to ground their faith in the written documents of the nascent church, rather than listen to the twisted gospel of the false teachers. In large measure, the letter of Jude illustrates the necessity of clinging to the authority of scripture as opposed to those who claim to be prophets.



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