Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Jonah 4:6

Context
NET ©

The Lord God appointed 1  a little plant 2  and caused it to grow up over Jonah to be a shade over his head to rescue 3  him from his misery. 4  Now Jonah was very delighted 5  about the little plant.

NIV ©

Then the LORD God provided a vine and made it grow up over Jonah to give shade for his head to ease his discomfort, and Jonah was very happy about the vine.

NASB ©

So the LORD God appointed a plant and it grew up over Jonah to be a shade over his head to deliver him from his discomfort. And Jonah was extremely happy about the plant.

NLT ©

And the LORD God arranged for a leafy plant to grow there, and soon it spread its broad leaves over Jonah’s head, shading him from the sun. This eased some of his discomfort, and Jonah was very grateful for the plant.

MSG ©

GOD arranged for a broad-leafed tree to spring up. It grew over Jonah to cool him off and get him out of his angry sulk. Jonah was pleased and enjoyed the shade. Life was looking up.

BBE ©

And the Lord God made a vine come up over Jonah to give him shade over his head. And Jonah was very glad because of the vine.

NRSV ©

The LORD God appointed a bush, and made it come up over Jonah, to give shade over his head, to save him from his discomfort; so Jonah was very happy about the bush.

NKJV ©

And the LORD God prepared a plant and made it come up over Jonah, that it might be shade for his head to deliver him from his misery. So Jonah was very grateful for the plant.


KJV
And the LORD
<03068>
God
<0430>
prepared
<04487> (8762)
a gourd
<07021>_,
and made [it] to come up
<05927> (8799)
over Jonah
<03124>_,
that it might be a shadow
<06738>
over his head
<07218>_,
to deliver
<05337> (8687)
him from his grief
<07451>_.
So Jonah
<03124>
was exceeding
<01419> <08057>
glad
<08055> (8799)
of the gourd
<07021>_.
{gourd: or, palmcrist: Heb. Kikajon} {was...: Heb. rejoiced with great joy}
NASB ©
So the LORD
<03068>
God
<0430>
appointed
<04487>
a plant
<07021>
and it grew
<05927>
up over
<04480>
<5921> Jonah
<03124>
to be a shade
<06738>
over
<05921>
his head
<07218>
to deliver
<05337>
him from his discomfort
<07463>
. And Jonah
<03124>
was extremely
<08057>
<1419> happy
<08055>
about
<05921>
the plant
<07021>
.
HEBREW
hlwdg
<01419>
hxmv
<08056>
Nwyqyqh
<07021>
le
<05921>
hnwy
<03124>
xmvyw
<08055>
wterm
<07451>
wl
<0>
lyuhl
<05337>
wsar
<07218>
le
<05921>
lu
<06738>
twyhl
<01961>
hnwyl
<03124>
lem
<05921>
leyw
<05927>
Nwyqyq
<07021>
Myhla
<0430>
hwhy
<03068>
Nmyw (4:6)
<04487>
LXXM
kai
<2532
CONJ
prosetaxen
<4367
V-AAI-3S
kuriov
<2962
N-NSM
o
<3588
T-NSM
yeov
<2316
N-NSM
kolokunyh {N-DSF} kai
<2532
CONJ
anebh
<305
V-AAI-3S
uper
<5228
PREP
kefalhv
<2776
N-GSF
tou
<3588
T-GSM
iwna
<2495
N-GSM
tou
<3588
T-GSN
einai
<1510
V-PAN
skian
<4639
N-ASF
uperanw
<5231
ADV
thv
<3588
T-GSF
kefalhv
<2776
N-GSF
autou
<846
D-GSM
tou
<3588
T-GSN
skiazein {V-PAN} autw
<846
D-DSM
apo
<575
PREP
twn
<3588
T-GPN
kakwn
<2556
A-GPN
autou
<846
D-GSM
kai
<2532
CONJ
ecarh
<5463
V-API-3S
iwnav
<2495
N-NSM
epi
<1909
PREP
th
<3588
T-DSF
kolokunyh {N-DSF} caran
<5479
N-ASF
megalhn
<3173
A-ASF
NET © [draft] ITL
The Lord
<03068>
God
<0430>
appointed
<04487>
a little plant
<07021>
and caused it to grow up
<05927>
over
<05921>
Jonah
<03124>
to be
<01961>
a shade
<06738>
over
<05921>
his head
<07218>
to rescue
<05337>
him
<08055>
from his misery
<07451>
. Now Jonah
<03124>
was very delighted
<01419>
about the little plant
<07021>
.
NET ©

The Lord God appointed 1  a little plant 2  and caused it to grow up over Jonah to be a shade over his head to rescue 3  him from his misery. 4  Now Jonah was very delighted 5  about the little plant.

NET © Notes

tn The verb מָנָה (manah) in the Piel stem is used elsewhere in Jonah meaning “to send, to appoint” (Jonah 2:1; 4:6-8; HALOT 599 s.v. מנה 2; BDB 584 s.v. מָנָה).

tn The noun קִיקָיוֹן (qiqayon, “plant”) has the suffixed ending וֹן- which denotes a diminutive (see IBHS 92 §5.7b), so it can be nuanced “little plant.” For the probable reason that the narrator used the diminutive form here, see the note on “little” in v. 10.

tc The consonantal form להציל is vocalized by the MT as לִהַצִּיל (lÿhatsil), a Hiphil infinitive construct from נָצַל (natsal, “to deliver, rescue”; BDB 664-65 s.v. נָצַל). However, the LXX’s τοῦ σκιάζειν (tou skiazein, “to shade”) reflects an alternate vocalization tradition of לְהָצֵיל (lÿhatsel), a Niphal infinitive construct from צָלַל (tsalal, “to shade”; see BDB 853 s.v. צָלַל). The MT vocalization is preferred for several reasons. First, it is the more difficult form with the assimilated nun. Second, the presence of the noun צֵל (tsel, “shadow”) just two words before helps to explain the origin of the LXX vocalization which was influenced by this noun in the immediate context. Third, God’s primary motivation in giving the plant to Jonah was not simply to provide shade for him because the next day the Lord killed the plant (v. 7). God’s primary motivation was to create a situation to “rescue” Jonah from his bad attitude. Nevertheless, the narrator’s choice of the somewhat ambiguous consonantal form להציל might have been done to create a wordplay on נָצַל (“to rescue, deliver”) and צָלַל (“to shade”). Jonah thought that God was providing him shade, but God was really working to deliver him from his evil attitude, as the ensuing dialogue indicates.

tn Or “evil attitude.” The meaning of the noun רָעָה (raah) is intentionally ambiguous; the author puns on its broad range of meanings to create a polysemantic wordplay. It has a broad range of meanings: (1) “distress, misery, discomfort” (2) “misfortune, injury,” (3) “calamity, disaster,” (4) “moral evil,” and (5) “ill-disposed, evil attitude” (see BDB 949 s.v. רָעָה; HALOT 1262-63 s.v. רָעָה). The narrator has used several meanings of רָעָה in 3:8-4:2, namely, “moral evil” (3:8, 10) and “calamity, disaster” (3:9, 10; 4:2), as well as the related verb רָעַע (raa’, “to be displeasing”; see 4:1). Here the narrator puns on the meaning “discomfort” created by the scorching desert heat, but God’s primary motivation is to “deliver” Jonah – not from something as trivial as physical discomfort from heat – but from his sinful attitude about God's willingness to spare Nineveh. This gives the term an especially ironic twist: Jonah is only concerned about being delivered from his physical “discomfort,” while God wants to deliver him from his “evil attitude.”

tn Heb “he rejoiced with great joy.” The cognate accusative construction repeats the verb and noun of the consonantal root שׂמח (smkh, “rejoice”) for emphasis; it means “he rejoiced with great joy” or “he was greatly delighted” (see IBHS 167 §10.2.1g). This cognate accusative construction ironically mirrors the identical syntax of v. 1, “he was angry with great anger.” The narrator repeated this construction to emphasize the contrast between Jonah’s anger that Nineveh was spared and his joy that his discomfort was relieved.



TIP #08: Use the Strong Number links to learn about the original Hebrew and Greek text. [ALL]
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