Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Jonah 3:10

Context
NETBible

When God saw their actions – they turned 1  from their evil way of living! 2  – God relented concerning the judgment 3  he had threatened them with 4  and he did not destroy them. 5 

XREF

1Ki 21:27-29; Job 33:27,28; Jer 18:8; Jer 31:18-20; Joe 2:13; Am 7:3,6; Jon 4:2; Lu 11:32; Lu 15:20

NET © Notes

tn This clause is introduced by כִּי (ki, “that”) and functions as an epexegetical, explanatory clause.

tn Heb “from their evil way” (so KJV, ASV, NAB); NASB “wicked way.”

tn Heb “calamity” or “disaster.” The noun רָעָה (raah, “calamity, disaster”) functions as a metonymy of result – the cause being the threatened judgment (e.g., Exod 32:12, 14; 2 Sam 24:16; Jer 18:8; 26:13, 19; 42:10; Joel 2:13; Jonah 4:2; HALOT 1263 s.v. רָעָה 6). The root רָעָה is repeated three times in vv. 8 and 10. Twice it refers to the Ninevites’ moral “evil” (vv. 8 and 10a) and here it refers to the “calamity” or “disaster” that the Lord had threatened (v. 10b). This repetition of the root forms a polysemantic wordplay that exploits this broad range of meanings of the noun. The wordplay emphasizes that God’s response was appropriate: because the Ninevites repented from their moral “evil” God relented from the “calamity” he had threatened.

tn Heb “the disaster that he had spoken to do to them.”

tn Heb “and he did not do it.” See notes on 3:8-9.



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